1979

Article

November 28, 2021

1979 is a common year starting on a Monday.

In short

February 11: victory of the Iranian Revolution. February 17 - March 16: Sino-Vietnamese war. March 26: Israeli-Egyptian peace treaty. March 26 - 27: OPEC conference in Geneva. The price of oil increases by 10%. Beginning of the second oil shock. Strikes in Iran's oil industry halt Iranian exports and trigger a second wave of panic among consuming countries, which are making precautionary purchases. The price of a barrel of crude triples, from 12.70 to 36 dollars between 1979 and 1980. July 19: triumph of the Sandinista revolution in Nicaragua. November 4: start of the American hostage crisis in Iran. December 27: Soviet intervention in Afghanistan, end of detente. The war between pro-communists (supported by the Red Army) and Islamist guerrillas (supported by the United States and Pakistan) lasts ten years and ends with the unilateral withdrawal of the Soviets unable to control the country.

International relations

June 15 - 18: SALT 2 agreements signed in Vienna by Brezhnev and Carter, they will never be ratified due to the invasion of Afghanistan. June 28 - 29: G7 summit in Tokyo which refuses any concerted international regulation in the face of the second oil shock and global inflation. Tokyo and Bonn join Paris in blaming the second oil shock on monetary laxity and energy waste in the United States. 3 - 9 September: sixth meeting of non-aligned countries in Havana; Tito leads the moderates in their opposition to the pro-Soviet position of Cuban leader Fidel Castro. October 31: Lomé II agreements between the EEC and ACP countries.

Events

Africa

January 17-18, Central African Republic: student demonstrations against the compulsory wearing of uniforms imposed by the Central African government. Unrest among pupils and students turns to riot on January 19 and 20, following brutal repression by law enforcement officials. January 28, Western Sahara War: capture of the Moroccan city of Tan-Tan by the Polisario Front. February 5: peaceful coup against the party's military committee in the People's Republic of Congo; Yhombi-Opango is overthrown and imprisoned. Sassou-Nguesso becomes President of the Republic. February 7: Colonel Chadli Bendjedid is elected President of Algeria (ended in 1992). February 12: A clash at the Lycée Félix Eboué in N’Djamena between students from the North and the South over a strike leads to the resumption of the civil war in Chad. The Chadian national army loyal to President Félix Malloum confronts the armed forces of the north (FAN) of Prime Minister Hissène Habré. 10 - 16 March: national reconciliation conference in Kano which temporarily puts an end to the civil war in Chad and sets up a government chaired by Goukouni Oueddei, head of the Frolinat (national liberation front) on March 23. Civil war resumes. March 25, Ugandan-Tanzanian war: Tanzanian forces bombard Kampala and Entebbe; despite the support of Libya which sent troops on March 4, Entebbe airport was taken on April 9, Kampala fell the next day. March 28 - 31: Constituent Congress of the Democratic Union of the Malian People (UDPM) in Bamako March 30: IMF approves financial assistance to Senegal. In return, it imposes on it a Structural Adjustment Plan (PAS), involving the reduction of public expenditure in order to restore the balance of the budget, the liquidation of unprofitable companies and the privatization of potentially or really profitable firms, the devaluation of the national currency, the downsizing of public administrations and the public sector. The country is implementing a

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