1995

Article

January 21, 2022

1995 is a common year starting on a Sunday.

Territorial chronology

World

January 1st : entry into force of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in Geneva: 77 Member States. entry of Austria, Finland and Sweden into the European Union. January 25: False nuclear alarm in Russia after the launch of a Black Brant XII rocket from the Andøya launch base in Norway. 25-26 February: G7 conference on the Information Society. September 4: World Conference on Women's Rights in Beijing; its holding in China raises an international controversy. September 5: the first nuclear test of the last French firing campaign raises an outcry in the world. October 6: announcement of the discovery of the first extrasolar planet 51 Pegasi b. December 5: the Chief of Staff of the French army resumes his place within the NATO Military Committee, twenty-nine years after General De Gaulle withdrew.

Africa

May 21: Suppression of the Ogoni movement in Rivers State by the Nigerian military government of General Sani Abacha. The main leaders of the MOSOP (Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People), including the academic and writer Ken Saro-Wiwa, were arrested, sentenced to death and executed. August 28: Mauritius joins SADC. October 4: Operation Azalée in the Comoros against the French mercenary Bob Denard. 4 November: revision in Mauritius of the Lomé IV agreements. November 10 (Nigeria): execution of Ken Saro-Wiwa. November 23: in Tanzania, the former single party CCM wins the legislative and presidential elections. Benjamin Mkapa becomes President of the Republic (end in 2005). December 12: first indictments for crimes against humanity launched by the International Tribunal for Rwanda (TPR), sitting in Tanzania. Algeria January 13: Sant'Egidio platform. Meeting of all the opposition parties (including the Islamist FIS party) for a peaceful settlement of the serious security crisis that has been tearing the country apart for three years. Categorical rejection of the Algerian military government. January 30: explosion of a bomb in front of the central police station in Algiers: 42 dead. February 3: During an interview, François Mitterrand suggests mediation on the Algerian crisis with EU member countries. The country then experienced a civil war between the Algerian army and Islamist militias. Outcry in circles close to the Algerian power. March 25: major army operation in the region of Aïn Defla, stronghold of the Islamist guerrillas. Nearly 10,000 soldiers are mobilized. April 3: creation of four exclusion zones in the south to preserve oil and gas sites. July 11: assassination in Paris of Sheikh Abdelbaki Sahraoui. Imam in a mosque on rue Myrha in the 18th arrondissement; he is a founding member of the FIS, an Islamist movement at war against the Algerian military power. July 21: agreement on a new rescheduling of Algeria's foreign debt between the Algerian government and the Paris Club. July 25: murderous attack (8 dead) at the Saint-Michel RER station, committed by Algerian Islamists; beginning of a wave of attacks in France, committed by the GIA. November 16: presidential elections. General Liamine Zéroual is elected president of the country with 61% of the votes cast. 23 December: signing of a new contract worth three billion dollars with British Petroleum. First military operations to reconquer the territories held by the Islamists of the GIA and the AIS.

America

January 1st : Beginning of Mercosur (Spanish acronym for South American Common Market). Beginning of the mandate of Fernando Henrique Cardoso, President of the Republic of Brazil. He tries to r

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