1996

Article

January 21, 2022

1996 is a leap year starting on a Monday.

Territorial chronology

World

3 and 4 June: NATO summit in Brussels. The French Defense Minister once again sits on the organisation's Council of Ministers, but the summit recognizes in return the existence of a “European defense identity” within the Alliance. However, President Jacques Chirac did not obtain that the command of the Southern Mediterranean be entrusted to a French officer. 24 September: opening of negotiations on the CTBT (Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty), signed the same day by the five declared nuclear powers. This treaty will only come into effect if 44 named nations sign and ratify it. 23 November: André Malraux's ashes are transferred to the Panthéon. (20 years to the day after his death). 9 - 13 December: first meeting of the WTO in Singapore.

Africa

January 27: Colonel Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara's coup in Niger. March 15: first multi-party elections in Sierra Leone since 1967. Ahmad Tejan Kabbah is elected President of the Republic. March 31: multiparty constitution in Chad. April 4: Mathieu Kérékou, former president of Benin, is elected head of state against outgoing president Nicéphore Soglo (end in 2006). April 11: signing in Cairo of the Treaty of Pelindaba, on the denuclearization of Africa and the Indian Ocean. April 19: departure of the last peacekeepers from Rwanda. May 8: signing of the new South African constitution definitively turning the page on apartheid. May 21: the sinking of a ferry on Lake Victoria, facing Tanzania, causes about 500 victims. June 2-July 3: Chadian presidential election. Idriss Déby is elected President of the Republic. June 5: Gabon withdraws from OPEC. 17 July-20 July: visit of the President of the French Republic Jacques Chirac to the Republic of Congo. July 25: Military coup by former President Pierre Buyoya in Burundi. July: Malagasy President Albert Zafy is dismissed by the High Constitutional Court. He resigned on September 5. October 6: attack on Lemera, outbreak of the first CongoAlgeria warJanuary 5: in Algeria, the new Prime Minister, Ahmed Ouyahia presents his government. February 18: Lifting of the curfew introduced in December 1992. March 27: a commando of Islamists from the GIA kidnaps seven French Trappist monks after the attack on the monastery of Tibéhirine in the Algerian Atlas on the night of March 26 to 27. Two other monks were able to hide. April 26: the GIA claims the kidnapping of the seven monks of the monastery of Tibéhirine and proposes to France the release of the monks against Islamist prisoners. May 4: assassination of former interior minister Mohamed Hardi. May 21: the GIA announces the execution of the seven Trappist monks of the monastery of Tibéhirine. Their severed heads will be found ten days later. August 1: the bishop of Oran (Algeria), Pierre Claverie, 58, is killed in his car, destroyed by a bomb in front of the door of the bishopric. 28 November: adoption by referendum of a new constitution establishing a presidential regime.

America

January 1: Sir Cuthbert Sebastian takes office as Governor General of Saint Kitts and Nevis. January 7: the final election for the presidency of Guatemala is won by former Foreign Minister Álvaro Arzú Irigoyen with 51.2% of the vote against 48.8% for his opponent Alfonso Portillo Cabrera. February 16: San Andrés Agreement between the Mexican government and the Zapatista Army of National Liberation. April 17: In Brazil, violent clashes break out between landowners and the landless in Eldorado de Carajas. Nineteen peasants are killed

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