Article

November 30, 2021

1999 is a common year starting on a Friday.

Territorial chronology

World

January 28: 29th Davos Forum. February 1: The Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS 1999) comes into effect. June 18: G7 meeting in Cologne, which decides to reduce the debt of the poorest countries. August 11: last total eclipse of the century (and of the millennium). It is visible in Europe, the Near East, the Middle East, India, etc. October 6: opening in Vienna of a conference on disarmament, within the framework of the CTBT. Out of 44 designated countries, 24 have signed and ratified it, 21 signed but not ratified (including the United States, China and Russia) and 3 have neither signed nor ratified (India, Pakistan, Korea). December 3: in Seattle, failure of the ministerial meeting of WTO member countries. Europe refuses to abandon the system of subsidizing the export of its products demanded by the Americans, because the end of such a system would give total supremacy to multinational firms. December 24: Pope John Paul II opens the Holy Door in Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome, and opens the Great Jubilee of the year 2000.

Africa

April 15: Algeria: Abdelaziz Bouteflika wins the presidential election (74%) after a ballot contested by the other candidates who withdraw denouncing numerous irregularities May 29: in Nigeria, the new President Olusegun Obasanjo takes office. June 2: Nelson Mandela does not appear, it is his friend Thabo Mbeki of the ANC who wins the presidential election in South Africa. July 7, Sierra Leone Civil War: Lomé Accords. July 10, Second Congo War: Lusaka ceasefire agreement, never applied. July 23: death of Hassan II, king of Morocco, after 38 years of reign. July 30: enthronement of Mohammed VI, king of Morocco. September 16: Algeria: adoption by referendum of the law on "Civil Concord", providing for a partial or total amnesty for crimes committed by armed groups. October 24: Outgoing President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali is re-elected in the first pluralist presidential election in Tunisian history.

America

February 2: Hugo Chávez becomes president of Venezuela. March 22, Paraguay: assassination of Vice-President Luis María Argaña. April 1: creation in Canada of the territory of Nunavut from the Northwest Territories, an immense territory (2,000,000 km2) and very sparsely populated (25,000 inhabitants, mostly Inuit). April 20: Shooting in Columbine in a school environment. This killing causes 15 dead and 24 wounded. This massacre reignites the debate on gun control in the United States. May 28: in Cuba, Fidel Castro appoints Felipe Pérez Roque as Minister of Foreign Affairs. July 4 and 5: The Derecho at the Canada-US border causes more than US $ 100 million in damage and four deaths. December 22: Torrential rains and mud avalanches cause between 15,000 and 30,000 victims in Venezuela and more than 300,000 homeless. December 30: the constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is approved by referendum. December 31: return of the Panama Canal zone by the United States to Panama.

Asia

January 18: meeting in Geneva of the two Koreas, at the initiative of the United States and China. February 16: Tashkent (Uzbekistan) suffers from Islamist attacks: six explosions, including one in front of Parliament, which targeted President Islom Karimov. March 6: Ta Mok, nicknamed "the Butcher", the last Khmer Rouge military leader still on the run, is arrested by the Cambodian army, near the Thai border. May 26: resumption of fighting in Kashmir, between infiltrated Pakistani soldiers and Indians, the Pakistani defeat will result in a coup d'état in Pakistan in October. June 7: p

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