November 30, 2021
November 23 is the 327th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, the 328th in the case of a leap year. There are 38 days left until the end of the year.
It was generally the 3rd day of the month of frimaire in the French Republican / Revolutionary calendar, officially called chicory day.
November 22 - November 23 - November 24
1248: Seville falls into the hands of Ferdinand III of Castile.
1407: assassination of Louis d'Orléans in Paris, by henchmen of his cousin Duke of Burgundy.
the Sejm of Grodno accepts the second partition of Poland.
fight of Ambon and fight of Trébiguet, during the Chouannerie.
1808: French victory at Tudela (Napoleonic campaign in Spain).
1837: victory of the patriots in Saint-Denis (rebellion of the Patriots), in Quebec.
1863: start of the Battle of Chattanooga (Civil War).
1867: execution of the martyrs of Manchester.
1890: Wilhelmine becomes queen of the Netherlands.
1891: Resignation of Brazilian President Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca.
1910: Alfred Ander is the last condemned to death executed in Sweden.
1918: abdication of Duke Charles-Édouard de Saxe-Cobourg-Gotha, son of Duke Léopold d'Albany and nephew by marriage of the Kaiser.
Second World War :
1939: Rawalpindi is sunk by Scharnhorst and Gneisenau.
1940: Romania signs the tripartite pact.
1943: end of Operation Galvanic.
Phalsbourg is taken by the 7th American Army.
Strasbourg is liberated by the 2nd Armored Division, in accordance with the Oath of Koufra, in Libya (to deliver France, until re-hoisting a French flag on the spire of Strasbourg Cathedral), the day after the personal birthdays of Generals Leclerc and de Gaulle.
1946: bombardment of Haiphong, at the start of the Indochina War.
1950: In France, a law made armed robbery a capital crime.
2003: resignation of Georgian President Edouard Chevardnadze (Rose Revolution).
2009: Maguindanao massacre, in the Philippines.
2010: bombing of Yeonpyeong (inter-Korean maritime conflict).
2019: in Papua New Guinea, start of the referendum on the independence of the autonomous region of Bougainville, organized until December 7, 2019. The vote stems from the 2001 peace agreement, which ended ten years of armed conflict in this territory.
Arts, culture and religion
1644: publication of Areopagitica, by John Milton.
1654: “Night of fire”, by Blaise Pascal.
1936: publication of the first issue of the American magazine Life.
1963: An Unearthly Child, the first episode of the Doctor Who series, is broadcast in the United Kingdom.
1970: publication of the first issue of the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo.
1991: Freddie Mercury announces to his fans that he has AIDS, one day before his death.
1996: André Malraux's ashes are transferred to the Pantheon, twenty years to the day after his death.
2005: release of the French parody film "Palais-Royal" by Valérie Lemercier and with herself, Catherine Deneuve, Lambert Wilson, Michel Aumont or Maurane.
Science and technology
1868: Louis Arthur Ducos du Hauron files a patent for a color photography process using the so-called three-color method (additive and subtractive synthesis).
1976: Jacques Mayol reaches 100 meters underwater in apnea.
2020: successful launch of the Chinese Chang'e 5 space probe, aimed at taking samples from the Moon.
Economy and society
1980: earthquake in Irpinia, Italy.
2002: the English sailor Ellen McArthur wins the Route du Rhum in a monohull at Pointe-à-pitre in Guadeloupe, sprinkling her victory with a ti-punch with the Breton winner Michel Desjoyeaux who alone preceded her in a multihull some