September 27


January 23, 2022

September 27 is the 270th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, the 271st in the event of a leap year. There are 95 days left before the end of the year. It was usually the sixth day of the month of Vendémiaire in the French Republican calendar, officially referred to as Balsamine Day. September 26 - September 27 - September 28


14th century

1312: signing of the charter of Kortenberg. 1331: Battle of Płowce, during the Polish-Teutonic War.

15th century

1422: Signing of the Peace of Lake Melno, between the Kingdom of Poland, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the Teutonic Order.

16th century

1529: the first siege of Vienna by the Ottomans begins.

17th century

1605: Victory of the Republic of the Two Nations over Charles IX of Sweden, at the Battle of Kircholm. 1669: end of the siege of Candie. The Ottomans take Crete from European forces, after twenty-one years of siege (the longest in history).

18th century

1748: an ordinance from King Louis XV abolishes the institution of the galleys. 1791: the Constituent Assembly of 1789 votes for the emancipation of the Jews, on a proposal by Adrien Duport.

19th century

1810: Battle of Buçaco (Spanish War of Independence), victory of the Anglo-Portuguese coalition, commanded by Wellington, stopping the French in their attempt to conquer Portugal. 1821: End of the Mexican War of Independence. 1830: the royal troops led by Frédéric, second son of Guillaume I of Orange, leave Brussels.

20th century

1922: abdication of Constantine I of Greece. 1940: formation of the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo axis, with the signing of the tripartite pact. (Second World War) 1942: end of the second battle of Matanikau, during the battle of Guadalcanal. 1949: The flag of the People's Republic of China is adopted. 1961: Sierra Leone becomes a member of the UN. 1962: birth of the Yemen Arab Republic. Ahmed Ben Bella becomes President of the Algerian Council. 1988: founding of the National League for Burmese Democracy. 1996: capture of Kabul by the Taliban, and ousting of President Burhanuddin Rabbani.

21st century

2001: shooting in Zug. 2002: East Timor becomes the 191st member state of the UN. 2020: resumption of the war, between Azerbaijan and Armenia, for the control of Nagorno-Karabakh.

Arts, culture and religion

1540: promulgation of the bull Regimini militantis ecclesiae, recognizing the Society of Jesus. 1656: the bishop of Montauban Pierre de Bertier appoints Henry Le Bret, "legal clerk to the diocese of Paris", as canon in the collegiate chapter of Saint-Étienne de Montauban, of which Le Bret will take possession by a power of attorney of October 25, while then printing The Comic History of the States and Empires of the Moon, an expurgated version of the first novel by his late friend Cyrano de Bergerac. 1822: Champollion exhibits, at the French Academy of Inscriptions and Belles-Lettres, a draft of his Letter to M. Dacier relating to the alphabet of phonetic hieroglyphs. 1884: inauguration of the Hungarian State Opera.

Science and technology

1825: Inauguration of the Stockton and Darlington Railway, the first railway line to use steam locomotives and carry passengers. 1981: entry into official service of the TGV in France, between Paris Gare de Lyon and Lyon. 1987: Jacques Chirac and Hosni Mubarak inaugurate the Cairo metro. 2017: announcement of the detection of GW170814, the first gravitational wave detected by both LIGO and Virgo. 2018: in France, Barbara Cassin receives the CNRS gold medal.

Economy and Society

1791: the French Constituent Assembly suppresses the chambers of commerce. 1854: sinking of the SS Arctic. 1957: the young Norman cyclist Jacques Anquetil achieves a

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