September 2


May 20, 2022

September 2 is the 245th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, the 246th in the event of a leap year. There are 120 days left before the end of the year. It was usually the 16th day of the month of Fructidor in the French Republican calendar, officially referred to as Lemon Day. September 1 - September 2 - September 3


1st century BC. 44 BC J.-C.: Cicéron pronounces the first of its Philippiques against Marc Antoine, before those of October 24 and following. 31 BC J.-C.: battle of Actium, victory of the troops of Octave on the combined troops of Marc Antoine and Cleopatra.

12th century

1192: the peace treaty between Richard the Lionheart and Saladin puts an end to the third crusade.

17th century

1649: Papal victory and end of the Castro War. 1666: great fire of London.

18th century

1715: Philippe d'Orléans, nephew of the late Louis XIV of France, becomes regent, because the young Louis XV is still only five years old. 1792: beginning of the September massacres in Paris. 1794: Battle of Bauches during the Vendée War.

19th century

1806: the collapse of the Rigi destroys Goldau, and causes 457 deaths. 1807: John James Gambier begins to bombard Copenhagen, during the English wars. 1819: sinking of the Spanish line ship San Telmo, off Livingston Island. This is the first, and the most serious, human disaster recorded to date in Antarctica (644 or 650 dead). 1864: Union victory, and end of the Atlanta campaign, during the Civil War. 1870: signing of the act of French surrender to Prussia, after the defeat at Sedan. 1885: Rock Springs Massacre. 1898: Battle of Omdurman (Mahdist War), victory of Anglo-Egyptian troops over the Mahdists.

20th century

1938: the State of Hatay proclaims its independence. 1939: the free city of Dantzig is attached to the Third Reich, the day after the invasion of Poland. opening of the Stutthof concentration camp, the first outside German territory. 1940: signing of the Destroyers for Bases Agreement between the United States and the United Kingdom. 1945: signing of Japan's surrender, end of World War II. Ho Chi Minh proclaims the independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. 1947: signing of the inter-American treaty of reciprocal assistance. 1960: investiture of the 1st Tibetan Assembly, which became Tibetan Democracy Day. 1990: declaration of independence of Transnistria. 1991: declaration of independence of Nagorno-Karabakh.

21st century

2014: Kapeliele Faupala, customary king of Uvea since 2008, is forced to abdicate under popular pressure. 2018: in Rwanda, start of legislative elections.

Arts, culture and religion

909: foundation of the Abbey of Cluny, in Burgundy. 1987: Club Dorothée's first broadcast on TF1. 2018: In Brazil, the National Museum of Rio de Janeiro is destroyed by fire. 2019: Rock'n Roller closes its doors at Disneyland Paris.

Science and technology

1927: Karl Wilhelm Reinmuth discovers (1087) Arabis. 1996: Claudie André-Deshays, the first Frenchwoman in space, returns to Earth aboard Soyuz TM-23, after a sixteen-day flight as part of the Franco-Russian Cassiopée mission, which allowed her to carry out numerous medico-physiological, technical and biological experiments.

Economy and Society

1935: The 1935 Labor Day hurricane hits Florida at Long Key. 1940: presentation of the first Citröen 2 CV, which will not be marketed until after the war. 1990: entry into force of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. 2000: last match "in blue" for Didier Deschamps and Laurent Blanc as players with the French football team, double champions in Europe 2000