November 30 is the 334th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, the 335th in the event of a leap year. There are 31 days left before the end of the year.
It was usually the 10th day of the month of Frimaire in the French Republican/Revolutionary calendar, officially referred to as Pickaxe Day.
Its universal calendar equivalent always takes place on a Thursday.
November 29 - November 30 - December 1
1700: Battle of Narva.
1786: Leopold of Habsburg-Lorraine, Grand Duke of Tuscany, promulgates a code of criminal procedure, inspired by Beccaria, which abolishes imprisonment for debt, torture and the death penalty, for the first time in modern times.
1803: departure of the Balmis expedition.
1808: Battle of Somosierra.
1853: Battle of Sinope.
1864: Unionist victory at the Battle of Franklin during the Civil War.
1918: abdication of King William II of Württemberg, the last German sovereign to renounce power, following the First World War, signaling the end of the monarchy in Germany.
1939: start of the Winter War.
1958: victory of the UNR, in the French legislative elections.
1961: Election of U Thant as Secretary General of the United Nations.
1966: independence of Barbados.
1967: Independence of the People's Republic of South Yemen.
1975: Dahomey adopts the new name of People's Republic of Benin.
1998: Hun Sen is appointed Prime Minister of Cambodia, still in office in 2020.
1999: Resolution No. 1279 of the United Nations Security Council, creating the United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC).
2015: start of the 2015 Paris Climate Conference (COP 21), at Le Bourget, just a few days after the attacks and reprisals that bloodied Paris and Saint-Denis on November 13 and 18, and in the presence of many heads of State, governments, or their representatives, from all over the world, including Barack Obama for example.
2018: in Argentina, opening of the G20 summit, which takes place until December 1, 2018 in Buenos Aires.
2019: in Iraq, Prime Minister Adel Abdel-Mehdi presents his resignation, two days after the death of 45 demonstrators during the protest movement in the country.
2021: on the occasion of the 55th anniversary of its independence, its national holiday (and the 55th birthday of its national the singer Des'ree, all three below), Barbados ends its status as a kingdom of Commonwealth to become a constitutional republic.
Arts, culture and religion
1872: premiere of L'Escalade in 1602, symphonic poem by Henri Kling, in the Salle de la Réformation in Geneva (Switzerland).
1884: premiere of Lutèce, dramatic symphony by Augusta Holmès, in Angers.
1930: first screening of the film L'Âge d'or, by Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí, at Studio 28 rue Montmartre in Paris. On the initiative of the prefect of police Jean Chiappe, the censors demanded the cutting of “anti-religious” scenes.
1979: The Wall album, by the musical group Pink Floyd, is released in the United Kingdom. It would become the best-selling double album of all time.
1982: release of the album Thriller, by Michael Jackson. It is the best-selling album of all time, with estimated sales of 65 million copies worldwide, and one of the first "post-scopitone" music videos.
1998: the sulphurous writer Oscar Wilde sees himself statued for the first time in London, on this 98th anniversary of his death below in exile in Paris 6th.
2016: Belgian beer, rumba, New Year celebrated on March 21, Mangal Shobhajatra, Chinese solar periods, tahtib, gada and fallas become part of the intangible cultural heritage of humanity at UNESCO.