5th of May
May 5 is the 125th day of the year of the Gregorian calendar, 126th when it is a leap year (there are then 240 left).
Its equivalent was usually 16 Floréal of the French Republican/Revolutionary calendar, officially referred to as Comfrey Day (a plant).
May 4 - May 5 - May 6
553: start of the second Council of Constantinople.
614: the Persians take Jerusalem in Palestine and take the patriarch and the population into captivity, they seize the True Cross as a trophy of their triumph over the Christian-dominated Byzantine Empire.
877: consecration of the Sainte-Marie collegiate church, future Saint-Corneille abbey, built by Charles the Bald, grandson of Charlemagne, in Compiègne, which he wanted to make the capital of the Western Empire.
1102: takeover of Valence by the Almoravids of Youssef ben Tachfine [ref. necessary].
1180: call to arms of prince Mochihito, removed from the throne, and beginning of the war of Gempei, in Japan.
1194: Lech the White becomes Duke of Poland.
1260: Kublai Khan becomes Grand Khan of the Mongols.
1537: German Lutherans refuse an invitation from Pope Paul II to a general council. [ref. necessary]
1570: The Turks declare war on Venice for refusing to return Cyprus. The Spaniards come to the aid of the Venetians [ref. necessary].
1681: by letter patent, Louis XIV attributes to the directory of the nobility of Lower Alsace, the powers of a presidial.
1789: in Versailles, France, King Louis XVI proclaims and presides over the opening of the Estates General, which brings together, for the first time in approximately 175 years, the deputies of the three orders of the kingdom (clergy, nobility and third estate).
1793: Battle of Thouars, during the Vendée War.
1808: in Bayonne, in the Basque Country, following an interview (even a trap) with Napoleon, the Spanish sovereigns are forced to abdicate.
1821: death of Napoleon.
1835: in Belgium, inauguration of the Brussels-Mechelen railway line, the first route for travelers in continental Europe.
1847: founding of the American Medical Association.
1849: in Germany, Breslau uprising [ref. necessary].
1854: start of riots in Singapore, between Hokkien and Teochew Chinese communities. About 500 people will be killed in ten days.
1860: Embarkation of Garibaldi's troops to invade the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
1862: in Mexico, first battle of Puebla, between French and Mexican forces.
opening by Gustav V, King of Sweden, of the V Olympic Games in Stockholm.
publication of the first issue of the Bolshevik newspaper La Pravda in Russia.
1917: General Estienne engages the first tanks in combat, at Laffaux (Aisne).
1918: first final of the French Football Cup which sees the victory of Olympique de Pantin over FC Lyon.
1920: arrest of Sacco and Vanzetti.
1930: in British India, the English arrest Mahatma Gandhi in Bombay.
1936: the Italians occupy Addis Ababa, the capital of Abyssinia (Ethiopia).
1942: English landing in Diego-Suarez.
liberation of the Mauthausen camp, the last concentration camp to be liberated;
creation of the Order of Pharmacists in France.
1946: a referendum rejects the first draft Constitution for the Fourth Republic, proposing unicameralism.
in France, Paul Ramadier excludes the communist ministers from the French government, and puts an end to the PCF-MRP-SFIO tripartism).
consecration of the Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Marseille (Bouches-du-Rhône, France) by Cardinal Roques, Archbishop of Rennes.
1949: signature, in London, d