October 8 is the 281st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, the 282nd in the case of a leap year. There are 84 days left until the end of the year.
It was generally the seventeenth day of the month of Vendémiaire in the French Republican / Revolutionary calendar, officially called pumpkin day (see also October 31 or even November 1 of Halloween and Samain).
October 7 - October 8 - October 9
876: victory of Louis III the Younger over Charles II the Bald, at the battle of Andernach.
1517: François Ier signs the birth certificate of the city of Le Havre.
1600: the Republic of San Marino adopts its Constitution, the oldest known and still in force.
1809: Klemens Wenzel von Metternich is appointed Austrian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Chancellor.
1813: Treaty of Ried, during the Sixth Coalition against Napoleonic France.
1856: Arrow incident, triggering the Second Opium War.
1862: Battle of Perryville, during the Civil War.
demonstration of October 8, 1870, in Paris.
battle of Saint-Quentin.
1871: start of the great Chicago fire.
1912: start of the first Balkan war.
1962: start of the Spiegel business.
1967: capture of Che Guevara in Bolivia.
2008: first multiparty presidential election in the history of the Maldives.
Arts, culture and religion
451: opening of the Council of Chalcedon.
2020: the Nobel Prize for Literature is awarded to the American poet Louise Glück for all of her work.
Science and technology
2019: the Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded to the Canadian-American James Peebles, for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology, and to the Swiss Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz, for the first discovery of an exoplanet 51 Pegasi b in orbit around a solar-type star, October 6, 1995.
Economy and society
1641: Savinien de Cyrano, who has undoubtedly just entered philosophy class, makes a deal with a fencing master.
1648: start of the dictation of his will by his father, Abel de Cyrano.
1998: "Impeachment" proceedings are initiated against the President of the United States Bill Clinton in the Lewinski affair.
2005: 2005 earthquake in Kashmir.
2018: The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economics in Memory of Alfred Nobel is awarded to Americans William Nordhaus and Paul Romer.
in Afghanistan, in Kondoz, at least 62 Shiite Hazara civilians are killed in a suicide bombing by the Islamic State.
the Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to journalists, the Filipino-American Maria Ressa and the Soviet then Russian Dmitri Mouratov.
1585: Heinrich Schütz, German composer († November 6, 1672).
1773: Sophie de Bawr, woman of letters, French composer and author († December 31, 1860).
1795: Raymond-Théodore Troplong, French jurist and politician, president of the Senate and of the Court of Cassation from 1852 to 1869 († March 1, 1869).
1800: Jean Désiré de Fiennes, Belgian painter and mayor of Anderlecht († November 11, 1879).
1810: James Wilson Marshall, American gold digger († August 10, 1885).
1827: Francisque Sarcey, French journalist († May 16, 1899).
1833: André Theuriet, French man of letters († April 23, 1907).
1850: Henry Le Chatelier, French chemist († September 17, 1936).
1864: Ozias Leduc, Canadian painter († June 16, 1955).
1870: Louis Vierne, French composer († June 2, 1937).
1873: Ejnar Hertzsprung, Danish chemist and astronomer († October 21, 1967).
1883: Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physician and biochemist, Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine in 1931 († August 1, 1970