October 8


October 28, 2021

October 8 is the 281st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, the 282nd in the case of a leap year. There are 84 days left until the end of the year. It was generally the seventeenth day of the month of Vendémiaire in the French Republican / Revolutionary calendar, officially called pumpkin day (see also October 31 or even November 1 of Halloween and Samain). October 7 - October 8 - October 9


9th century

876: victory of Louis III the Younger over Charles II the Bald, at the battle of Andernach.

16th century

1517: François Ier signs the birth certificate of the city of Le Havre. 1600: the Republic of San Marino adopts its Constitution, the oldest known and still in force.

19th century

1809: Klemens Wenzel von Metternich is appointed Austrian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Chancellor. 1813: Treaty of Ried, during the Sixth Coalition against Napoleonic France. 1856: Arrow incident, triggering the Second Opium War. 1862: Battle of Perryville, during the Civil War. 1870: demonstration of October 8, 1870, in Paris. battle of Saint-Quentin. 1871: start of the great Chicago fire.

20th century

1912: start of the first Balkan war. 1962: start of the Spiegel business. 1967: capture of Che Guevara in Bolivia.

21st century

2008: first multiparty presidential election in the history of the Maldives.

Arts, culture and religion

451: opening of the Council of Chalcedon. 2020: the Nobel Prize for Literature is awarded to the American poet Louise Glück for all of her work.

Science and technology

2019: the Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded to the Canadian-American James Peebles, for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology, and to the Swiss Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz, for the first discovery of an exoplanet 51 Pegasi b in orbit around a solar-type star, October 6, 1995.

Economy and society

1641: Savinien de Cyrano, who has undoubtedly just entered philosophy class, makes a deal with a fencing master. 1648: start of the dictation of his will by his father, Abel de Cyrano. 1998: "Impeachment" proceedings are initiated against the President of the United States Bill Clinton in the Lewinski affair. 2005: 2005 earthquake in Kashmir. 2018: The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economics in Memory of Alfred Nobel is awarded to Americans William Nordhaus and Paul Romer. 2021: in Afghanistan, in Kondoz, at least 62 Shiite Hazara civilians are killed in a suicide bombing by the Islamic State. the Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to journalists, the Filipino-American Maria Ressa and the Soviet then Russian Dmitri Mouratov.


16th century

1585: Heinrich Schütz, German composer († November 6, 1672).

18th century

1773: Sophie de Bawr, woman of letters, French composer and author († December 31, 1860). 1795: Raymond-Théodore Troplong, French jurist and politician, president of the Senate and of the Court of Cassation from 1852 to 1869 († March 1, 1869). 1800: Jean Désiré de Fiennes, Belgian painter and mayor of Anderlecht († November 11, 1879).

19th century

1810: James Wilson Marshall, American gold digger († August 10, 1885). 1827: Francisque Sarcey, French journalist († May 16, 1899). 1833: André Theuriet, French man of letters († April 23, 1907). 1850: Henry Le Chatelier, French chemist († September 17, 1936). 1864: Ozias Leduc, Canadian painter († June 16, 1955). 1870: Louis Vierne, French composer († June 2, 1937). 1873: Ejnar Hertzsprung, Danish chemist and astronomer († October 21, 1967). 1883: Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physician and biochemist, Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine in 1931 († August 1, 1970

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