November 30, 2021
A comic strip (a name commonly abbreviated as comic strip or comic strip) is a form of artistic expression, often referred to as the "ninth art", using a juxtaposition of drawings (or other types of still images, but not only photographic ), articulated in narrative sequences and most often accompanied by texts (narrations, dialogues, onomatopoeias). Will Eisner, one of the greatest comic book authors, defined it (before the emergence of the Internet) as "the main application of sequential art to paper". The comic strip can designate, depending on the context, the form of expression, that is to say the technique as such, but also the medium that supports the comic strip (books of different shapes, digital medium). Its origin is attributed to Rodolphe Töpffer in the 19th century. Richard Felton Outcault with The Yellow Kid is also one of the precursors of the genre. In North America where it is called comics, the comic book became popular at the beginning of the 20th century and a significant development took place in the 1930s with the emergence of the superhero comic strip whose beachhead was Superman, a created character. in 1938 in Action Comics. It was also between the wars that Hergé created Les Aventures de Tintin, which remains a classic of Franco-Belgian comics with a so-called clear line style. In Japan, Osamu Tezuka popularized comics (called manga there) after WWII. Initially considered as a sub-genre of literature, or a minor art compared to painting, and intended primarily for children, comics gained legitimacy as such from the 1960s. Its authors exhibit, sell original boards as other artists can do, festivals attracting thousands of visitors are devoted to him like the international comic book festival of Angoulême inaugurated in 1974 in France and recognition in as long as art is awarded to him either through prizes, as was the case for the Pulitzer Prize-winning comic strip Art Spiegelman Maus in 1992 or through exhibitions in museums. New genres emerge, some authors claim or are “categorized” as belonging to an alternative comic strip exploring new modes of narration, new formats. Publishers determined to devote themselves specifically to this segment are emerging, targeting a more adult clientele. Thanks to the rise of the Internet and the improvement of digital creative tools, comic book authors are seizing on this new mode of communication, by publishing unpublished comics directly in the form of blogs or by switching from paper to paper. comics online.