November 30, 2021

Belgium (/ bɛlʒik /; in Dutch: België / ˈbɛlɣiǝ /; in German: Belgien / ˈbɛlgiən /), in long form the kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe, bordered by France, the Pays -Bas, Germany, Luxembourg and the North Sea. Politically, it is a federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system. It is one of the six founding countries of the European Union and hosts, in its capital Brussels, the Council of the European Union, the European Commission, parliamentary committees and six additional plenary sessions of the European Parliament, as well as other international organizations like NATO. The country also hosts, in Mons, the General Headquarters of the Allied Powers in Europe (SHAPE). Belgium covers an area of ​​30,688 km2 with a population of 11,507,163 inhabitants on January 1, 2021, i.e. a density of 373.97 inhabitants / km2. Located halfway between Germanic Europe and Romanesque Europe, Belgium is home to two main linguistic groups: French speakers, members of the French Community, and Dutch speakers, members of the Flemish Community. It also includes a German-speaking minority representing around 1% of the population and constituting the German-speaking Community of Belgium. The administrative regions of Belgium are federated entities comprising: the Brussels-Capital Region in the center, an officially bilingual area but overwhelmingly French-speaking, the Dutch-speaking Flemish region, to the north, and the French-speaking Walloon region, to the south. The German-speaking Community resides in the east of the Walloon region, in the cantons of Eupen and Malmedy, bordering Germany. Belgium's linguistic diversity and related political conflicts are reflected in its political history and in its complex system of government. Historically, Belgium, the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg were known, in the 15th - 17th centuries, as the Netherlands, a region which corresponded to a territory a little larger than the current Benelux. , since the regions of Lille, Arras, Douai, Valenciennes, Montmédy, or even Thionville were part of it. The region which therefore covered part of Belgium as well as the north and east of France was qualified as "Belgica" in documents written in Latin, which was the name which had been used to designate the two Roman provinces. between which the Gallia Belgica, conquered by Julius Caesar and created a Roman province by Augustus, was divided in 297 under Diocletian, one, the Belgica prima having for capital Trier and the other, the Belgica secunda having for capital Reims. From the end of the Middle Ages until the 17th century, the territory corresponding to Belgium was a prosperous commercial and cultural center and relatively cosmopolitan in its main cities. From the 16th century until the Belgian Revolution in 1830, when Belgium seceded from the Netherlands, Belgian territory was the scene of numerous battles - mainly diplomatic - between different European powers, which led it to be described as " Europe's Battlefield ”, a reputation that was reinforced by the World Wars. Since its independence, Belgium has participated in the industrial revolution, having been the second industrial power in the world for almost a century, and, during the course of the twentieth century, it had several colonies in Africa. The second half of the 20th century was marked by tensions between the Flemings and the Walloons due to language differences and the uneven economic development of the two regions. This conflict led to several far-reaching reforms, including a transition from a unitary state to a

INSERT INTO `wiki_article`(`id`, `article_id`, `title`, `article`, `img_url`) VALUES ('NULL()','Belgique','Belgium','This conflict led to several far-reaching reforms, including a transition from a unitary state to a','')