Boxing

Article

July 6, 2022

Boxing, in particular "English boxing" regulated in a modern way, is a combat sport practiced since the 18th century one against one, which resorts to percussion strikes using padded gloves. The other ancestral boxes, in particular using punches, feet and throws together (French savate-boxing and oriental practices), saw their sporting emergence a few decades later. By extension, many disciplines have borrowed the name "boxing", in particular the "sports boxes" of the 19th and 20th centuries such as foot-fist boxes (BPP) regulated for some in the West, American full-contact, kick- American boxing, Japanese kick-boxing or K1 style, French savate boxing, the Marseille slipper or panache (cousins ​​of French savate boxing), boxes from the Far East called "martial" rather than "sports" such as Chinese boxing, kung-fu-wushu, Khmer boxing (Pradal Serey), Burmese boxing (bama lethwei) and Thai boxing (muay-thai) among others.

The different boxes

Boxing has many variations. These variants are defined by their bodily "targets", the bodily "weapons" used as well as for some, the sweeping, throwing and grabbing techniques as well as Chinese boxing and [those of Southeast Asia such as Burmese boxing.

Targets to reach

Face and bust: for example for English boxing, American boxing (Full-contact, American Kickboxing and Point-fighting) and French boxing Savate; Face, bust and legs: for example for French Savate-boxing, Kickboxing (American and Japanese), Khmer Boxing, Burmese Boxing, Thai Boxing, shoe fight, sanda and shoot-boxing; All parts of the body except the throat, spine, and genitals in mixed martial arts, modern pankration, and other percussive and gripping combat sports.

Weapons

The means implemented to reach these targets are defined by the bodily “weapons” used: Fists in boxing; Fists and feet in French savate-boxing and American kick-boxing; fists, elbows, forearms, feet and knees in Japanese kickboxing (with trunk grabs); fists, feet, knees and elbows in Burmese boxing, Khmer boxing, Thai boxing and shoot-boxing (with seizures of trunk and leg, and projections). As opposed to English boxing: Burmese boxing, Khmer boxing, savate BF, Thai boxing and shoot-boxing belong to the category known as "foot-fist boxing".

The main boxes

There are several types of boxes: American boxes (American full-contact, American Kick-boxing (called "low-kick"), point fighting in French "semi-contact") English boxing: educational boxing, pre-fight boxing, amateur boxing or Olympic boxing (B.A) and professional boxing, where the punches are carried above the belt; Burmese boxing or lethwei (BB), superlative of boxing feet and fists as usual for boxes in Southeast Asia where all shots are allowed. It is practiced in a more sporty way in the West and nicknamed since 1959, bando-kickboxing (BKB); Chinese boxing (BC) precisely the sanda in competition), improperly called kung-fu; French boxing (or French savate-boxing), today "savate-BF" (French Boxing) and its variants, the Chauss'fight (Marseille Chausson) and the Panache: boxing feet and fists in shoes (SBF); Khmer or Kun-Khmer boxing (BK); Thai boxing or muay Thai (BT); Vietnamese boxing (BV); kick-boxing (KB]: American kick-boxing or "low-kick" (LK) and Japanese kick-boxing (K1). There are composite boxes, combining percussion (boxing) and gripping techniques.