Wake up, Romanian!

Article

November 30, 2021

Deșteaptă-te, române! (“Awake, Roumain!”) Is the national anthem of Romania written by Andrei Mureșanu (1816-1863), romantic poet, journalist, translator, a true tribune of the time marked by the Revolution of 1848 The music was chosen from among several songs by Gheorghe Ucenescu (1830–1896), singer and music teacher, disciple and collaborator of Anton Pann. Andrei Mureșanu's poem Un răsunet (An Echo), written and published during the Revolution of 1848 in Brașov, was set to music in just a few days, since it was sung for the first time at the end of May 1848 in this city. (the Revolution began on June 11). The poem will become a hymn under the title Deșteaptă-te, române !, with immediate success, thanks to its energetic and stimulating message. Since then, this hymn has been sung during all major conflicts, given the message of patriotism and freedom that it conveys. This was particularly the case during the Romanian revolution of 1989, at the same time replacing the communist hymn Trei culori (Three colors). For a few years, Deșteaptă-te, române! is the national anthem of Moldova before being replaced in 1994 by the current anthem, Limba noastră (Our mother tongue).

History

In Romania

From 1848, Deșteaptă-te, romane! is a song very dear to Romanians, inspiring them with courage during the crucial moments of the War of Independence (1877-1878) and during the First and Second World Wars. In particular during the crisis resulting from the coup d'état of August 23, 1944, when Romania turned away from Hitler's Germany and joined the Allies, this song was spontaneously sung by all and broadcast by the stations. radio. Once the Communist dictatorship was established on December 30, 1947, when King Michael was forced to abdicate, Deșteaptă-te, române! as well as other patriotic marches and songs were banned. If we hummed them, we risked several years in prison. From the 1970s, the melody could be sung again, but without the original verses. On December 22, 1989, during the anti-communist revolution, the anthem resounded in the streets, accompanying huge masses of people, dispelling fear of death and uniting the whole people in the noble sentiments of the moment. In this way, its consecration as a national anthem was completely spontaneous, under the formidable pressure of the demonstrators. The song was officially adopted as the national anthem on January 24, 1990.

In Moldova

The anthem was also used on various solemn occasions in the Moldovan Democratic Republic during its brief existence between 1917 and 1918. Between 1991 and 1994, Deșteaptă-te, române! was the national anthem of Moldova before being replaced later by Limba noastră (Our language), the current Moldovan anthem ,,.

Other Romanian hymn

In addition to this hymn, the Romanians own Hora Unirii (The Round of the Union), a song written in 1855 by the great poet Vasile Alecsandri (1821-1890), it was used during the Union of Principalities (1859). In general, it is sung on occasions when Romanians aspire to union and harmony. Hora Unirii is sung to the rhythm of a slow but energetic dance, bringing together the whole assembly. The circle dance (hora) is itself an ancient ritual that symbolizes spiritual community, equality and Romanians' vow to lead their lives alongside each other.

Lyrics

The national anthem of Romania consists of eleven stanzas, four of which are sung on special occasions.

Lyrics in Judeo-Romanian

Translation into verse

Notes

Romania Portal Music Portal • Song section Vo

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