Cartoon

Article

August 15, 2022

A cartoon is a drawing which, with or without added text, and especially through humour, satire or wit, claims to arouse the viewer to a certain degree of emotion or reflection and to make them laugh. These cartoons mainly appear in the press or on the internet, very often for a critical or political purpose, dealing with everyday or current affairs subjects and are, for the most part, the creations of specialized press cartoonists. Le Chat, by cartoonist Philippe Geluck, is a well-known example of a cartoon in the French-speaking world.

History

This type of design appeared in the Anglo-Saxon world during the first half of the 19th century. Very quickly, in these English-speaking countries, the terms cartoon appeared (for "single drawings", with a single box) and later cartoon strip, comic strip or strip, the latter type corresponding to drawings taking place on a few boxes and subsequently giving rise to what is nowadays called the art of comics. Later, during the 20th century and especially in the United States, the word cartoon was also used to designate cartoons. Cartoon anglicism is for this reason nowadays used in French to refer to a particular type of cartoon, specific to a certain style and to a certain period of the United States (see cartoon). The word cartoon originated in the 1840s in Punch magazine, in connection with parodies of frescoes in Westminster Abbey. Cartoonist Peter Arno is sometimes considered the father of modern cartooning. Among other pioneer authors in recognized magazines are artists such as Charles Addams, Charles Barsotti and Chon Day. Cartoonists like Bill Hoest, Jerry Marcus or Virgil Partch got their start in cartooning, in the press, and then became real professional journalists.

Graphic study of the processes of designing and constructing cartoons

Quote

“A successful drawing makes you laugh. When he is really successful, he is ready to think. If it makes you laugh and think, then it's a great drawing. But the best drawing lends itself to laughter, thinking and triggers a form of shame. The reader feels ashamed of having been able to laugh at a serious situation. This drawing is then magnificent because it is the one that remains. (Tignous)

Notes and References

See also

Bibliography

(en) The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, "Cartoon" (accessed September 7, 2018)

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Cartoon press Press cartoonist comic strip cartoon Comic humorous cartoon

External links

Health Resource: Medical Subject Headings Humor portal Arts portal Media portal