Emmanuel Macron

Article

May 21, 2022

Emmanuel Macron (/ɛmanɥɛl makʁɔ̃/ ), born December 21, 1977 in Amiens (France), is a French senior civil servant and statesman. He has been President of the French Republic since May 14, 2017. Leaving the National School of Administration (ENA) in 2004, he became a finance inspector. In 2007, he was appointed deputy rapporteur of the commission for the liberation of French growth (“Attali commission”). The following year, he joined the investment bank Rothschild & Cie, of which he became managing partner in 2010. Close to the Citizens' Movement (MDC) then a member of the Socialist Party (PS) from 2006 to 2009, he took part in François Hollande's electoral campaign for the 2012 presidential election, who named him after his victory Deputy Secretary General of his cabinet. . Then still unknown to the general public, but renowned for his social-liberal line, Emmanuel Macron was appointed in 2014 Minister of the Economy, Industry and Digital; in 2015, he passed a law for growth, activity and equal economic opportunity, known as the “Macron law”. His notoriety increased as he gradually distanced himself from François Hollande. In 2016, he founded and took the presidency of his own political movement, called En Marche, and resigned from the Valls government. He adopted a position hostile to the left-right divide and ran for the 2017 presidential election. He won in the second round against the National Front candidate, Marine Le Pen, with 66.1% of the votes cast. At 39, he becomes the youngest French president and the youngest leader of the G20 at the moment. He appointed Édouard Philippe, then a member of the Republicans (LR), as Prime Minister, while his party – which became La République en Marche – won the 2017 legislative elections. In 2020, he replaced Édouard Philippe with Jean Castex, also from LR. His mandate is marked by a reform of the labor code, a law to reform the SNCF, the Benalla affair, the movement of yellow vests and the great national debate that ensues, as well as by a contested plan for pension reform. , the establishment of a citizens' convention for the climate, the Covid-19 pandemic then in February 2022, the crisis caused by the invasion of Ukraine by Russia, when France had just taken over the rotating presidency of the Council of the European Union. Candidate for his re-election in the presidential election of 2022, he is qualified for the second round where he once again faces Marine Le Pen, candidate of the National Rally. He won the election on April 24 with 58.55% of the votes cast, which made him the first president of the Fifth Republic to be re-elected by universal suffrage outside the period of cohabitation.

Personal situation

Origins

Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron is the son of Jean-Michel Macron, born in 1950, doctor, professor of neurology at the University Hospital of Amiens and head of teaching at the Faculty of Medicine of this same city, and Françoise Noguès, doctor - advice to Social Security. Their first child, a daughter, died at birth. They then had three children: Emmanuel, Laurent (born in 1979, radiologist, married to Sabine Aimot, gynecologist-obstetrician) and Estelle (born in 1982, nephrologist, married to Carl Franjou, engineer). After their divorce in 2010, Jean-Michel Macron married Hélène Joly, psychiatrist at CHS Pinel-Dury. The Macron family is from the village of Authie, in the Somme. His great-grandfather, Henri Macron, a voyer engineer, was mayor of the town from 1953 to 1964. His paternal grandparents are André Macron, who was an executive (district manager) at the SNCF, and Jacqueline Robertson, daughter of Suzanne Leblond, a native of Amiens, and the Briton George Robertson, who came from Bristol