Hergé

Article

November 30, 2021

Georges Remi, dit Hergé, born May 22, 1907 in Belgium in Etterbeek and died March 3, 1983 in Woluwe-Saint-Lambert, is a Belgian comic book author, mainly known for Les Aventures de Tintin, one of the comics most popular Europeans of the 20th century. Initially an amateur draftsman of a Scout magazine, from 1924 he signed his plates with the pseudonym “Hergé” formed from the initials “R” of his name and “G” of his first name. A few months later, he joined the daily Le Vingtième Siècle, where he quickly became the providential man thanks to the Adventures of Tintin. These began on January 10, 1929 in a supplement to the newspaper intended for young people, Le Petit Vingtième. Hergé, who is one of the first French-speaking authors to use the American style of bubble comics, is often considered "the father of European comics". During the 1930s, Hergé diversified his artistic activity (illustrations for newspapers, novels, maps and advertisements), while pursuing comics. He created in turn Les Exploits de Quick et Flupke (1930), Popol et Virginie au pays des Lapinos (1934) and finally Les Aventures de Jo, Zette et Jocko (1935). After the album Tintin in the land of the Soviets, where he trained his character as a young reporter to face the pitfalls of the Soviet world, he produced Tintin in the Congo then Tintin in America, black and white albums in their first edition. In 1934, he met Tchang Tchong-Jen, a young Chinese student who had come to study at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Brussels. This meeting upsets Hergé's thinking and style. He began to document himself seriously, which he had not done until then, and created The Blue Lotus, always in black and white. During the Second World War, Hergé published the adventures of Tintin in the youth supplement of the daily Le Soir, then controlled by the German occupier; this seriously tarnished his reputation and earned him, on release, to be accused of collaboration. However, he was put back in the saddle by a former resistance fighter who became an editor, Raymond Leblanc, who launched the Tintin newspaper in 1946. Hergé is artistic director of this weekly, whose great success contributes to that of Franco-Belgian comics and thanks to which he imposes his own style, the clear line. During the 1950s and 1960s, perfectionist and visionary, Hergé developed this graphic technique in the newspaper Tintin without forgetting to take up Jo, Zette and Jocko, and especially Quick and Flupke. Tintin, however, remains his main work, earning him European and then international fame. Hergé runs a studio where Edgar P. Jacobs and Bob de Moor work in particular who, in addition to their contribution to the execution of the adventures of Tintin, also stand out as brilliant creators of Franco-Belgian comics. Over the years, international tributes have flocked to Hergé; after a final reunion in 1981 with Tchang who miraculously went through wars and revolution, he died of leukemia in 1983. He remains considered one of the greatest contemporary artists and has sold almost 250 million albums, translated in a hundred languages. Hergé's work is managed by his widow Fanny Rodwell via the companies Moulinsart and Studios Hergé (formerly the Hergé Foundation), which created the Hergé museum in 2009.

Biography

Youth of Brussels (1907-1925)

Family origins (1907-1914)

Georges Prosper Remi, was born at 25 rue Cranz (now 33, rue Philippe Baucq) in Etterbeek, a town in the Brussels agglomeration, on May 22, 1907 at 7:30 am The child was baptized a few weeks later, on June 9, at the parish church of the town; her godmother is her own maternal grandmother, Antoinette Ro

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