Inge Viett

Article

May 23, 2022

Inge Viett, born January 12, 1944 in Stemwarde (Barsbüttel) near Hamburg and died May 9, 2022, was a German criminal and terrorist, activist, member of the second generation of the Red Army Faction (RAF).

Biography

In 1946, Inge Viett was sent to a children's home. In March 1950, she joined a foster family in a village near Eckernförde. At eleven, she ran away from her foster family. She later becomes a nanny for a family in Hamburg. In 1963, she studied sports and gymnastics at the University of Kiel. She travels to Wiesbaden, where she works as a graphic assistant, tourist guide and bartender. In 1968 she moved to Berlin-Kreuzberg, where she took part in meetings and demonstrations. During a demonstration, she is arrested by a plainclothes policeman. She spends the night in custody. She would later describe this short prison experience as a deep break. She then devoted herself entirely to political activity and militant action. She learns the construction and use of Molotov cocktails. Actions are directed against department store windows. His group also takes part in organized theft actions in department stores, the proceeds of which are sent to inmates. She becomes a member of the June 2 Movement, recruited by Bommi Baumann. She participates in a first bank robbery, in order to finance their activities. On May 7, 1972, she was arrested with other people, including Ulrich Schmücker, in Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler. She was imprisoned first in the prison of Koblenz, then in Berlin. In January 1973, she took part in a five-week nationwide hunger strike for better prison conditions. After the death of his comrade Holger Meins during this hunger strike, they kidnap West Berlin politician Peter Lorenz to force the release of the prisoners. A group of five people are released against the freedom of Peter Lorenz. She was then sent to Beirut and then to Yemen. After a few weeks, she returns to Europe. In Berlin, she participates in two bank robberies. She was arrested on September 9, 1975 during a police operation. On December 24, 1975, she tries to escape. On July 7, 1976, she escaped with Gabriele Rollnik, Monika Berberich and Juliane Plambeck, using a duplicate of the keys they had made and overpowering two prison guards. She returns to the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, where she undergoes training. She returns to Europe and participates in the kidnapping of entrepreneur Walter Palmers. He is released for a ransom. She then left for Italy. She goes to East Berlin and leaves for Baghdad where she stays three months, returns to Europe and settles in Paris. On May 5, 1980 in Paris, Sieglinde Hofmann, Ingrid Barabass, Regina Nicolai, Karola Magg and Karin Kamp were arrested. She then decides to return to the GDR. On August 4, 1981, she was arrested by two police motorcyclists in Montparnasse in Paris, while driving without a helmet on her Suzuki moped; she tries to escape. A chase ensues through Paris; one of the policemen falls and cannot continue the pursuit. Finishing her race, Inge Viett arrives in a car park, rue de la Chaise in the 7th arrondissement, where she is joined by the second policeman who has managed to follow her. The latter, the police officer Francis Violleau (1946-2000), then approaches her to check her. That's when she pulls out a gun and shoots the policeman. The latter, married and father of three children, will be very seriously injured. The projectile having crossed his throat and reached the spinal cord, he became quadriplegic and after 19 years of multiple suffering he died on March 17, 2000 at the age of 54.