2022 Commonwealth Games
The Commonwealth Games 2022, officially known as the XXII Commonwealth Games and commonly referred to as Birmingham 2022, is a multi-sport competition for members of the Commonwealth taking place in Birmingham, England from July 28 to August 8, 2022. C t is the third time that England has hosted the Games after those in London in 1934 and Manchester in 2002. The Games were originally awarded to Durban, South Africa, which withdrew in 2017 due to financial problems .
Host City Selection
Durban, South Africa and Edmonton, Canada are the two cities that have made a proposal to host the games. However, Edmonton withdrew its candidacy in February 2015, leaving Durban alone in contention at the General Assembly of the CGF in September 2015. The only candidate, Durban, was thus designated to organize the games. She previously considered bidding for the 2020 or 2024 Summer Olympics but later scrapped the idea as she wanted to focus on the 2022 Commonwealth Games. This would have marked the first time the games were held in Africa and the second time a Commonwealth Republic would have hosted, after Delhi, India in 2010. The games were due to open on July 18, 2022, coinciding with the birthday of the late South African President, Nelson Mandela. In February 2017, a media report announced that Durban might not be able to host the games due to financial constraints. This was confirmed a month later, on March 13, when the CGF decided not to accept the city's candidacy.
The application process was then relaunched with the English cities of Liverpool and Birmingham expressing their interest in hosting the Games. On March 14, Manchester, which previously hosted the 2002 edition, announced its interest in hosting the Games again. A joint bid from Birmingham, Liverpool, London and Manchester is also being considered. But on April 27, Manchester City Council announced that the city would not be a sole bidder for the Games, as it deemed it "inappropriate" for the 2002 hosts to compete against other English cities for the event, but could co- host the Games with other English cities.
In April 2017, the UK government asked city councils to submit proposals to host the 2022 Games. Only Liverpool and Birmingham have submitted formal bids to the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport. London refuses to bid, citing its aim to host the 2017 World Athletics Championships and World Disabled Athletics Championships. At the beginning of September 2017, Birmingham was selected against Liverpool.
The CGF sets the deadline for submitting bids to September 30, 2017 and announces that its board of directors will reveal the name of the host city by the end of the same year. The Commonwealth Games England thus offers Birmingham to the CGF before the deadline. However, as the file was not entirely compliant, the process was extended until the following November 30. The CGF has 170 questions regarding Birmingham's bid. On December 21, 2017, Birmingham was named as host by the voice of Louise Martin, President of the CGF, during a press conference at the Arena Academy in Birmingham.
Development and preparation
The Birmingham Organizing Committee for the 2022 Commonwealth Games (BOCCG) is responsible for the planning and operational delivery of the Games. This includes sports, venue and competition management, ticket sales, all ceremonies and the Queen's Baton Relay. The headquarters of the organizing committee is located in the One Brindleyplace building and took