Lewis Carroll, pen name of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (/ tʃɑːlz ˈlʌt.wɪdʒ ˈdɒdʒ.sən /), is a British novelist, essayist, photographer and math professor, born January 27, 1832 in Daresbury (Cheshire) and died 14 January 1898 in Guildford (Surrey). He is best known for his novel Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865) and its sequel, The Other Side of the Looking Glass (1871).
Coming from a rather conservative Anglican family (linked to the High Church), he was educated at Christ Church in Oxford, before teaching there. It was there that he met Alice Liddell, daughter of Dean Henry Liddell, with whom he formed a relationship at the origin of his novel, although he had always denied it.
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson was born to an Anglican priest father of Irish descent into a family of eleven children, only two of whom were married. Much of his youth was spent in the parsonage of Croft-on-Tees, Yorkshire, the home that housed the family for twenty-five years. Most of his male ancestors are officers in the Army of the Church of England [What?]. All the siblings are left-handed and seven of them (including Charles) stammered ,. His grandfather, also named Charles Dodgson, was Bishop of Elphin. A gifted child in a protective family environment, Charles developed an extraordinary personality.
American psychoanalyst John Skinner believes that left-handedness is at the root of this obsession with overthrow which is one of Lewis Carroll's dominant themes. In The Other Side of the Looking Glass, time as well as space is found reversed.
Charles Dodgson, in his middle age, often took pleasure in mystifying his young correspondents by beginning his letters with the signature and ending them at the beginning.
As for stuttering, it might be the source of the famous double-meaning "portmanteau words". The haste to speak, combined with his poor speech, would have caused the child to involuntarily merge two words into one.
“The borogoves wandered all flivorous, The fourgus verchons bourniflent. "
- On the other side of the mirror, Bredoulocheux, poem, translation by Henri Parisot.
The explanation is provided by "The Big Coconut Egg" (Humpty-Dumpty) in The Other Side of the Looking Glass: "It's like a suitcase, you see: there are three meanings contained in one. word… Flivorous, it means both frivolous and unhappy… The verchon is a kind of green pig; but when it comes to vans, I'm not absolutely sure. I believe it is a digest of the three participles: misguided, lost, lost. "
The shock will be all the stronger when the boy will face the "normality" - the other children - at the school of Richmond then at the Rugby School in 1845. He will keep a painful memory because of the bullying his shyness drew to him. or some difficulty in communication.
Coming from a loving and caring family, Charles took up the faith, values and prejudices of his father, and even his taste for mathematics. His literary talent manifested itself very early on, in particular through the local “reviews” that young Charles enjoyed publishing during his holidays. Handwritten and reserved for presbytery guests, these publications had very short lifespans: La Revue du presbytère, La Comète, Le Bouton de rose, L'Étoile, Le Feu follet, and Méli-Mélo. The Parapluie du presbytère, published circa 1849, was illustrated with drawings reminiscent of those of Edward Lear, of which the Book of Nonsense then enjoyed a very large