Magescq

Article

July 5, 2022

Magescq is a French commune located in the Landes department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. The gentile is Magescquois.

Geography

Location

Commune located in the Landes forest in Marensin on the national road 10 to 15 kilometers from the Atlantic Ocean and 60 kilometers from Spain.

Neighboring municipalities

Climate

The climate that characterizes the town is qualified, in 2010, as a "frank oceanic climate", according to the typology of the climates of France which then has eight major types of climates in mainland France. In 2020, the town comes out of the "ocean climate" type in the classification established by Météo-France, which now only counts, at first glance, five main types of climates in mainland France. This type of climate results in mild temperatures and relatively abundant rainfall (in connection with the disturbances coming from the Atlantic), distributed throughout the year with a slight maximum from October to February. The climatic parameters that made it possible to establish the 2010 typology include six variables for temperature and eight for precipitation, whose values ​​correspond to the 1971-2000 normal. The seven main variables characterizing the municipality are presented in the box below. With climate change, these variables have evolved. A study carried out in 2014 by the General Directorate for Energy and Climate, supplemented by regional studies, predicts that the average temperature should rise and the average rainfall fall, with, however, strong regional variations. The Météo-France meteorological station installed in the town and in service from 1951 to 2016 provides continuous monitoring of the evolution of meteorological indicators. The detailed table for the period 1981-2010 is presented below.

Town planning

Typology

Magescq is a rural municipality, because it is one of the low or very low density municipalities, within the meaning of the INSEE municipal density grid. In addition, the town is part of the Dax attraction area, of which it is a common crown. This area, which includes 60 municipalities, is categorized in areas with 50,000 to less than 200,000 inhabitants.

Land use

The land cover of the municipality, as it appears from the European biophysical land cover database Corine Land Cover (CLC), is marked by the importance of forests and semi-natural environments (79.6 % in 2018), nevertheless down compared to 1990 (86.5%). The detailed breakdown in 2018 is as follows: forests (52.7%), environments with shrubby and/or herbaceous vegetation (26.9%), arable land (9.7%), heterogeneous agricultural areas (7.5%), urbanized areas (1.8%) , industrial or commercial areas and communication networks (1.4%). The IGN also provides an online tool to compare the evolution over time of land use in the municipality (or territories at different scales). Several periods are accessible in the form of maps or aerial photos: the Cassini map (18th century), the staff map (1820-1866) and the current period (1950 to today).

Toponymy

The name Magescq would come from the Gascon mar meaning the sea, and i ei meaning y est, y fut. Indeed, the sea was present in Magescq a very long time ago. The site of the town hall of Magescq gives another more plausible version: in 1324 - well before the creation of the communes -, Magescq was written "Millhescq" or "Miescq", which can be closer to the Celtic meaning: "market of the center ". Magescq could then come from the fact that there was a place of exchange of the products of the surroundings. Its Occitan Gascon name is Magesc.

History

The journey between Bordeaux