Marseille

Article

October 28, 2021

Marseille is a town in the South-East of France, capital of the Bouches-du-Rhône department and prefecture of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. In 2018, Marseille was the second most populous municipality in France with 868,277 inhabitants. Its urban unit, which extends north to Aix-en-Provence, is the third in France with 1,607,292 inhabitants, behind Paris and Lyon. Since January 1, 2016, Marseille has hosted the headquarters of the metropolis of Aix-Marseille-Provence, the second most populous in France with 1,873,707 inhabitants. Its urban area is, for its part, the third in France after those of Paris and Lyon with 1,756,296 inhabitants in 2016. These figures make Marseille the largest city in the South of France, in the Occitan cultural region, as well as of the linguistic area of ​​the langue d'oc. Oldest city in France founded in Antiquity under the name Μασσαλία / Massalía) around 600 BC. AD by sailors and Greek merchants from Phocée (today Foça, near Izmir, Turkey), Marseille has been an important port of commerce and transit since Antiquity. It experienced a considerable commercial boom during the colonial period and more particularly during the 19th century, becoming a prosperous industrial and trading town. A legacy of this past, the Grand Port Maritime de Marseille (GPMM) and the maritime economy constitute major centers of regional and national activity and Marseille remains the leading French port, the second Mediterranean port and the fifth European port. Its privileged location on the edge of the Mediterranean allowing the arrival of numerous submarine cables also makes Marseille the ninth hub of connection to the world Internet network with one of the strongest growth in the world in this sector. Marseille's openness to the Mediterranean Sea has made it from its origins a cosmopolitan city marked by numerous cultural and economic exchanges with Southern Europe, the Middle East, North Africa and Asia. It has also been often considered since the 17th century as the “Gateway to the Orient” on the French Mediterranean coast.

Geography

Location

Located in the South-East of France, in Provence, Marseille is bordered by the Mediterranean to the west and to the south, surrounded by the Estaque and Etoile massifs to the north, the Garlaban massif to the east, the Saint-Cyr massif and Mont Puget to the south-east, the Marseilleveyre massif to the south. By expressways, Marseille is 773 km from Paris, 313 km from Lyon, 200 km from Nice, 403 km from Toulouse, 308 km from Grenoble, 475 km from Clermont-Ferrand, 395 km from Genoa, 372 km from Turin, 434 km from Geneva and 503 km from Barcelona. The town covers 240.62 km2 for a density of 3,608 inhabitants / km2. However, taking into account only the buildable area, ie around 150 km2, the city's density is 5,788 inhabitants / km2. The latitude of the city had been calculated by the Greek Pythéas, born in Massalia around 380 before our era, with remarkable precision, making Marseille the first city in the world to be geolocated [insufficient source].

Bordering municipalities

Hydrography

The Huveaune and its tributary the Jarret, almost entirely covered in the urban part of the city, are, with the Caravelle stream which passes through the Aygalades, the main rivers crossing Marseille. The Huveaune and the Caravelle are coastal rivers with relatively low flows. The hydrographic system of the city basin is characteristic of the Mediterranean environment: the water flow is low but its rivers experience significant floods in the event of rain. The water is very strongly channeled, often at the very source of these watercourses and irrigates the entire basin. In the case of Marseilles rivers, those

INSERT INTO `wiki_article`(`id`, `article_id`, `title`, `article`, `img_url`) VALUES ('NULL()','Marseille','Marseille','In the case of Marseilles rivers, those','https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/40/Notre_Dame_de_la_Garde.jpg')