New York


July 6, 2022

New York (pronounced in English: /nu ˈjɔɹk/), officially named City of New York, also known by the names and abbreviations of New York City or NYC (to avoid confusion with the State of New York), and whose best known nickname is The Big Apple ("The Big Apple"), is the largest city in the United States by number of inhabitants and one of the largest in the Americas and the world. It is located in the northeast of the country, on the Atlantic coast, at the southeastern tip of New York State. New York City is made up of five boroughs called boroughs: Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, the Bronx and Staten Island. Its inhabitants are called New Yorkers (in English: New Yorkers). New York exerts a significant impact on global commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, entertainment and tourism, bringing together all the characteristics of a city world. Although it has not been the federal capital of the United States for more than two centuries (it held this position from 1785 to 1790), New York fueled a financial and political rivalry with Philadelphia for several decades. The fact remains that New York has been the most populous city in the country since 1790, with 8,804,190 inhabitants according to the United States Census Bureau (2020 official census) and the most populous English-speaking city in the world. . It is also the third largest city on the American continent behind Mexico City and São Paulo. Located in the heart of the megalopolis of BosWash, the New York agglomeration (20,320,876 inhabitants) extends over several counties of the State of New York (eastern and northern suburbs) and encroaches on two neighboring states. Indeed, the state of New Jersey includes its western and southern suburbs, and that of Connecticut includes its northeast suburbs. Its urban area had 24 million inhabitants in 2017. The city and its metropolitan region are the first gateway for legal immigration to the United States. No less than 800 languages ​​are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York is home to more than 3.2 million foreign-born residents, the largest foreign-born population of any major city in the world in 2016. With notably Geneva, Basel and Strasbourg, New York is one of the rare cities in the world to be the seat of several international institutions without being the political capital of a State. New York welcomes some 50 million visitors annually. Times Square, "The Crossroads of the World", is one of the most popular intersections in the world, and the Broadway Theater District is the entertainment hub of the nation worldwide and a major center of the entertainment industry in the world. The city is home to a large number of bridges and tunnels (789 in 2012), skyscrapers and world famous parks. New York ranks first in the triad of major global financial centers with London and Hong Kong. The financial district of New York, anchored by Wall Street in Lower Manhattan, thus functions as the "financial capital of the world",,,,,, housing the two largest stock exchanges in the world by capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange (Bourse of New York) and the NASDAQ, while the new One World Trade Center is the tallest skyscraper in North America. Additionally, Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world. New York is also home to the most billionaires of any city in the world. New York was hit on September 11, 2001 by the most serious terrorist attack to have ever affected the United States: two airliners hijacked by terrorists who were members of Al-Qaeda crashed into the twin towers of the World Trade Center and destroyed them completely.