Carrying of arms

Article

August 15, 2022

The carrying of weapons is the situation by which an individual is equipped with one or more weapons, being able to be charged, or cocked.

Carrying a weapon illegal

In most countries, the carrying of firearms, blunt or cutting, is regulated and the offender is liable to prosecution. In France, carrying a weapon was banned in 1939, on the eve of the Second World War, then maintained by Vichy France and never liberalized since. It is now forbidden to carry a firearm in the public domain (except for hunting or other highly regulated activities). The carrying of firearms exists in France, is subject to a very marginal authorization (if we exclude the carrying of weapons during hunting actions). The carrying of bladed or blunt weapons in France is illegal without authorisation, however there may be exceptions in the event of a legitimate reason. Defense is generally not accepted as a reason because arming oneself before actually being in a situation of self-defense is considered to be premeditated, the weapons of offenders are generally confiscated, and the bearer sanctioned.

Legal weapon carrying

Non-firearms

Category D weapons are cutting (daggers, knife-daggers), blunt, chemical (pepper spray) or electric weapons; in some cases obtaining a license or special authorization is necessary. In France, the majority of category D weapons are freely acquired, but carrying these weapons in public is prohibited, except for legitimate reasons. To claim that the weapon would be used to better face an altercation or a danger does not constitute a legitimate reason because in fact, many carriers of category D weapons have no training in their use and have no prior justifying their wearing.

Firearms

A distinction should be made between open carry and concealed carry, which are generally regulated differently. In most countries, law enforcement agencies carry weapons. It is also possible that security professionals have access to it (generally after issuance of a renewable special authorisation). Carrying a weapon for civil defense is generally strictly regulated, if not prohibited. Some countries such as France or Belgium require that the person wishing to carry a weapon, excluding sports shooting, prove that they are sufficiently in danger for the carrying of a firearm to be justified. Other countries issue the authorization according to a procedure that does not require proof of danger. This is the case for some states in the United States. This procedure can be more or less long but no country issues a license to carry a weapon without at least an identity and criminal record check. Even in the United States, a rare country where guns are often sold over the counter, the purchase of a gun is at least preceded by a check of the police files, generally carried out by means of the computer at the armory,. Proponents of free gun ownership believe that the presence of guns in the hands of honest people would have a deterrent effect on violent criminals. Still according to them, the carrying of weapons would make it possible to cancel natural inequalities, to guarantee individual rights and freedom at all times. Opponents of liberalization believe that a greater number of weapons will induce a increase in violence, based in particular on the figures for homicides on the American continent, or fear that the bearers of arms more easily assign themselves a mission of vigilantes or even militia. Other ideas less extreme than the pure and simple prohibition of the carrying of arms by civilians would like to put in place a control and a fairer regulation, history