President of the Republic of Belarus
The President of the Republic of Belarus is the head of the Belarusian state, whose political and institutional competences are regulated by Section IV, Chapter III of the Constitution of Belarus.
Under Article 79 of the Constitution, the President is the guarantor of the Constitution and of the rights and freedoms of the “men and citizens” of Belarus. He personifies the nation and implements the guidelines of domestic and foreign policies.
The President of the Republic is elected by a uninominal majority ballot in two rounds for a term of five years, with no limit on the number of terms. The candidate who receives the absolute majority of the votes cast in the first round is elected. Failing this, a second round is organized within two weeks between the two leading candidates, and the one receiving the most votes is declared elected. However, the election is only considered valid if more than 50% of the voters registered on the electoral lists take part in the ballot.
The office of President of the Republic has existed since July 20, 1994. Previously, the Republic of Belarus was headed by the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet.
According to article 86 of the Constitution, the president cannot exercise other activities or receive remuneration other than his salary, with the exception of the royalties he may receive for scientific, artistic or literary work.
In addition, according to this same article, the president must suspend his participation in political parties or public associations pursuing a political goal.
Conditions of an application
To be a candidate for the presidential office, a person must be a Belarusian citizen by birth, be over 35 years old, and have lived at least ten years in Belarus before his candidacy.
In addition, in order to stand, a candidate must collect the signatures of 100,000 voters.
Under Article 81 paragraph 2 of the Constitution, elections are called by the House of Representatives at least five months before the end of the mandate of the President of the Republic in office. According to this same article, the elections must take place at least two months before the end of his mandate.
To be valid, the presidential election must bring together a number of voters greater than half of the Belarusian electorate.
The President of the Republic is elected when he obtains more than half of the votes. If no candidate obtains the majority of the votes in the first round, a second round is organized within two weeks between the two candidates having obtained the most votes. The candidate obtaining the most votes is then elected.
The President of the Republic takes office after taking the oath. The following oath must be taken:
« Вступая в должность Президента Республики Беларусь, торжественно клянусь верно служить народу Республики Беларусь, уважать и охранять права и свободы человека и
гранина, Соблюдать и иащищать конституцию республики беларусь, Свято и добросовестно исполнять Возен
— Article 83 of the Constitution
"In assuming the office of President of the Republic of Belarus, I solemnly swear to serve the people of the Republic of Belarus, to safeguard human and civil rights and freedoms, to comply with and protect the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, and to discharge myself strictly and c