President of the Government of the Czech Republic
The President of the Government (in Czech: Předseda vlády) has been the head of government of the Czech Republic since January 8, 1969. The main holder of executive power, he is governed by the Constitution of January 1, 1993.
Andrej Babiš (ANO) has been President of the Government since 2017.
The President of the Government is appointed by the President of the Republic, taking into account the political distribution of the Chamber of Deputies (Poslanecká sněmovna).
Within thirty days of his appointment, the government submits to a vote of confidence by the Chamber of Deputies, which is granted by a simple majority. If this fails, the procedure is then restarted. If the government still does not obtain the parliamentary nomination, the President of the Republic appoints a new President of the Government on the recommendation of the President of the Chamber.
In the event of a new failure, the Head of State declares the dissolution of the Chamber of Deputies.
Once appointed, he takes the following oath: “I pledge loyalty to the Czech Republic. I promise to observe and apply its Constitution and laws. I promise on my honor to exercise my function conscientiously and not to abuse my position. ".
In his capacity as head of government in a parliamentary system, the President of the Czech government is responsible for the organization of the activities of his government, of which he ensures the representation. He is also responsible for presiding over meetings of the Council of Ministers.
Relations with other institutions
It is up to him to co-sign the “legislative measures”, emergency legislative texts adopted by the Senate when the Chamber of Deputies is dissolved, with the Presidents of the Republic and of the Senate, as well as the laws definitively adopted, with the Presidents of the Republic and House. He also co-signs law enforcement decrees.
Finally, he is responsible for countersigning certain decisions taken by the President of the Republic in the diplomatic, military, political or judicial field. In this case, he is responsible for the acts thus adopted.
Vice-president of the government
To mark the importance of a ministerial portfolio or to ensure a balanced representation of all the forces of the government coalition, one or more members of the executive may be given the title of vice-president of the government (in Czech: Místopředseda vlády ), which he can combine with a ministerial portfolio.
The president of the government submits his resignation, and that of his government, in the event of failure in a vote of confidence, a vote of a motion of censure, by an absolute majority of deputies, or the opening of a new legislature. On the other hand, a resignation on its own initiative does not, in law, entail the downfall of the cabinet.
The post of Prime Minister was created on January 8, 1969, a week after the proclamation of the Czech Socialist Republic, a federated political entity of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. Until 1990, it was only occupied by members of the Czechoslovak Communist Party (KSČ), then the only political party authorized in Czechoslovakia. On January 1, 1993, the Czech Republic became independent and the Constitution maintained the office of President of the Government.
Since 1969, seventeen people have held the post of President of the Government, including ten since independence and five Communists.
The record for longevity is held by the communist Josef Korčák, holder for seventeen years and two months, between 1970 and 1987. Since independence, it is Václav Klaus, of the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), the