The celebrity press, tabloid press or tabloid press, is a category of publications dealing with current events and the private lives of public figures and celebrities, mainly by means of photographic reports accompanied by catchy headlines and short texts.
Some of these photos are provided by paparazzi.
We sometimes speak of tabloid by analogy to the paper format, these newspapers being generally printed in this reduced format (41 × 29 cm).
The celebrity press is mainly made up of weekly magazines, as is the case in France.
In Anglo-Saxon countries, the popular daily press, known as the tabloid, is often associated with the tabloid press.
Since the end of the 1990s, the phenomenon has grown to the point where there is talk of a “peopolization” of other categories of the press. In France, television press magazines, but also certain general information dailies (Le Parisien, 20 minutes), are giving more and more space to celebrity news.
The first copy of the Mercure Galant, published in 1672, already promised that "those curious about news and provincials and foreigners who have no knowledge of several people of great birth or of great merit of whom they often hear about will learn in this volume, and in the following ones, by where they are recommendable and what makes esteem ”. "
The celebrity press has its origins in the first social sections that appeared in general daily newspapers, such as L'Illustration or Excelsior, at the end of the 19th century. These sections, without illustration, mainly detailed official visits by monarchs or the list of nobles participating in a charity gala. However, the stated goal remains purely informative. At the same time, other publications evoke the life of the elites (great fortunes, artists, aristocrats) but intended for a particularly elite readership: they report, for example in Gil Blas, on social information from Tout-Paris, allowing sometimes to a few ambitious to build notoriety thanks to the help of journalists, or lead certain personalities threatened by a scandal to pay the newspaper so that it does not publish compromising information concerning it: this type of press disappears with World War I.
During the Roaring Twenties, the British press tirelessly describes the parties of the Bright Young People, who have become stars for one day. In the 1930s, the genre found a new lease of life through the film press and women's newspapers. The articles are embellished with photographs but still rarely interfere with private life. In the context of the rise of Hollywood cinema and the music hall, it is also for the public to know more information on the stars they admire (such as Marlene Dietrich, Gary Cooper, Jean Gabin or even Joséphine Baker).
In France, in 1937, Paris-Soir by Pierre Lazareff extended this mode of journalism to politics, thus carrying out an intimate report on Adolf Hitler in Berchtesgaden, in which he spoke of his hobbies, but never to mention Nazism. However, after the Second World War, sensational information migrated from newspaper sections to magazines, the serious daily press choosing to refocus on its favorite subjects. In 1945 Black and White was born, quickly printing 200,000 copies, and which gives an account of the lives of stars, in particular the royal families. The affair between British Princess Margaret and married commoner Peter Townsend excites her readers. In 1945, Nuit et Jour made its front page on Prime Minister Winston Churchill "on vacation" and on "the secret loves of Adolf Hitler". Among other tit