1991 Soviet referendum


May 23, 2022

The 1991 Soviet Referendum was a referendum held on March 17, 1991 in the Soviet Union to allow the people to vote on the preservation of the Soviet Union as a federation called the Union of Soviet Sovereign Republics. This is the only referendum held in the Soviet Union. He sees the proposal approved by a large majority of the votes cast.


The question asked is: “Do you think it is essential to preserve the USSR as a renewed federation of sovereign and equal republics where the rights and freedoms of everyone, regardless of nationality, will be fully guaranteed? »



The referendum is largely approved with a participation of 80.03% for 77.85% of positive votes. The yes vote thus prevails in all nine participating Soviet socialist republics. The vote is, however, subject to a boycott by the political authorities of Armenia, Georgia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Moldova.

Notes and References

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