Riksdag (Sweden)

Article

November 30, 2021

The Riksdag () (Swedish: Sveriges riksdag) is the unicameral parliament of the Kingdom of Sweden. Composed of 349 deputies elected for four years (since 1994, three years earlier), it has been the single chamber of parliament since the abandonment of bicameralism in 1970. It exercises legislative power and controls government action. Its current president is Andreas Norlén. Its headquarters, the Riksdagshuset, is in Stockholm on the Helgeandsholmen.

Electoral system

The election of the 349 deputies of the Riksdag for four-year terms is carried out according to two simultaneous voting methods: 310 seats are distributed among 29 constituencies, electing an average of ten representatives (up to 38 for the constituency of Stockholm). Swedish voters can not only vote by going to the polls on election day, but also vote by post at post offices across the country during the 18 days leading up to election day. The seats are distributed by plurinominal proportional representation according to an elaborate version of the Sainte-Laguë method; the remaining 39 seats are compensatory: they are distributed among the various political parties at national level in order to ensure their representativeness as accurately as possible. The parliamentarians elected to these seats are elected in the constituencies where their electoral list benefits from the largest remainder. To be admitted to this distribution of seats, a party must have won at least 4% of the votes cast nationally or at least 12% of the votes cast in any constituency. Preferential voting has been authorized since the 1988 elections: In addition to voting for an electoral list, Swedish voters have the possibility of expressing their preference for one of the candidates appearing on this list (they therefore carry out a double vote). During the count, after having distributed the seats among the different lists, the candidates who have gathered the greatest number of preferential votes on their name are declared elected, within the limit of the number of seats allocated to their list. Only the lists that have passed the 8% barrier in the constituency are subject to preferential voting: otherwise, the distribution is done in the order established by the list.

Composition

2014 - 2018

2010 - 2014

2006 - 2010

2002 - 2006

Notes and references

See also

Related Articles

External links

(sv) Official site (sv) Swedish Election Authority Sweden Portal Law Portal Policy Portal

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