Rodrigo Roa Duterte, known as Rody Duterte, nicknamed Digong, born March 28, 1945 in Maasin, is a Filipino lawyer and statesman, member of the PDP-Laban. He has been President of the Philippines since June 30, 2016.
Youth and formation
Rodrigo Duterte is the son of lawyer and politician Vicente G. Duterte and Soledad Roa. The first was Secretary of State under the presidency of Ferdinand Marcos and the second led demonstrations against the regime of the latter after the introduction of martial law.
He graduated in political science from the Lyceum of the University of the Philippines in Manila in 1968. Passed the bar exam in 1972, he later worked at the Davao City Prosecutor's Office in the South of the Philippines, between 1977 and 1986. He is also a specialist in the history of Philippine law at the time of the Spanish colonization of the country, before 1898. He speaks Spanish, Tagalog (official language of the Philippines), Bisaya (his mother tongue), and English.
Mayor of Davao
After the February 1986 revolution, which chased the dictator Ferdinand Marcos from power, he was appointed vice-mayor of Davao, before being elected mayor in 1988 and remaining so for ten years. He was again elected in 2001, then re-elected in 2004 and 2007 and served until 2010, when he was replaced by his daughter, Sara Duterte. Finally in 2013, he was once again elected mayor, a position he kept until his election as president of the country.
He is the first mayor to appoint representatives of Muslim and Lumad minorities among his deputies. It also publishes an ordinance prohibiting anti-Muslim discrimination. Popular locally thanks to the success of his zero-tolerance policy towards criminals, Time magazine dubbed him the "Punisher". In the space of 20 years, Davao would thus have gone from the status of "capital of crime" to "the safest city in the world". Data from the Philippine National Police published in April 2016 (raw data, not proportionate to the number of inhabitants) however highlights that Davao has the first place in number of murders between 2010 and 2015, and the second in number rapes in the Philippines for the same period.
He takes a stand in favor of maintaining the indigenous community schools that the government was planning to abolish.
He was offered the post of Interior Minister four times, but he declined the offer each time. Rodrigo Duterte was also encouraged to run for the presidential election seven times [ref. necessary].
In February 2017, a former police officer explained that when he was mayor, Duterte would have paid him and other police officers to kill not only criminals but also political opponents, including radio commentator Jun Pala, a critic at the regard to the mayor.
President of the Philippines
Candidate in the 2016 presidential election for the PDP-Laban party (center left to left), he was elected on May 9, winning 16,601,997 votes (39% of the vote) against 9,978,175 votes (23.5%) for Mar Roxas and 9,100,991 (21.4%) for Grace Poe. He takes office on June 30, 2016. In a few months, his popularity soars to collect 76% of favorable opinion. A popularity that can be explained, among other things, by his outspokenness. Good orator and speaking either in Cebuano or in a Tagalog-English mix depending on his audience, his speeches are indeed punctuated with interjection and profanity and he does not fail to make jokes whatever the subject, even if it means shocking . During his election campaign, he said: “Forget human rights, if I become president, it will bleed”. He also said: “Hospitals, whether rich or poor, will have to provide 10 or 20 beds for patients who cannot afford to pay.