January 21, 2022

The United Kingdom (pronounced in French: /ʁwajom‿yni/), in long form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (in English: United Kingdom /juːˌnaɪtɪd ˈkɪŋdəm/ and United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland), is a country in Western Europe, or according to some definitions, in Northern Europe, whose territory includes the island of Great Britain and the northern part of the island of Ireland, as well than many small islands around the archipelago. The territory of the United Kingdom shares a land border with the Republic of Ireland, and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south, the Celtic Sea to the south-south- west, the Irish Sea to the southwest, and the inland seas off the west coast of Scotland to the northwest. The United Kingdom covers an area of ​​246,690 km2, making it the 80th largest country in the world, and the 11th in Europe. It is the 22nd most populous country in the world, with an estimated population of 67.9 million. The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy; it has a parliamentary system of governance. The United Kingdom is made up of four constituent nations: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The latter three have devolved administrations, each with varying powers, based in their regional capitals, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast respectively. The bailiwicks of Guernsey, Jersey and the Isle of Man are Crown dependencies and therefore not part of the country. In addition, the country includes fourteen overseas territories, scattered over several oceans. The United Kingdom was born in 1707, when the Kingdoms of England and Scotland united to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, which grew in 1801 by uniting with the Kingdom of Ireland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922, Southern Ireland seceded from the United Kingdom, giving birth to the Irish Free State, leading to the official and current name of "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" since 1927 The Overseas Territories, formerly colonies, are remnants of the British Empire, which until the second half of the 20th century was the largest colonial empire in history. The UK is ranked #1 globally in the Soft Power 30 Index in 2015 and 2018 thanks to key UK institutions like the British Council and BBC World Service, and its ability to lead global action through its membership to international organizations. The British influence can be seen in the language, culture, political and legal system of the former colonies. The UK is a developed country. It is in 2018 the fifth world power by its nominal GDP and the ninth power in terms of GDP at purchasing power parity. Cradle of the industrial revolution, the country was the first world power during most of the 19th century. The United Kingdom remains a great power, with considerable international influence economically, politically, culturally, militarily and scientifically. It is also a recognized nuclear power with the sixth highest defense budget. The UK is a member of the Commonwealth, Council of Europe, G7, G20, NATO, OECD, WTO, and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since 1946. The United Kingdom joined the EEC on January 1, 1973, which became the European Union, then left it on February 1, 2020 following the victory of "leave" in the referendum of June 23, 2016.


Location, borders and area

The European part of the United Kingdom is in the British Isles, in the Atlantic Ocean. The country is located at the northwest end of continental Europe, and its delimitati

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