The label without a label (abbreviated as SE, SP for without a party, or NP in English), diverse or independent, designates a political figure not claiming to belong to any political party or affirming his independence from the usual political divisions and proposing a program personal election.
The current President of Algeria, Abdelmadjid Tebboune ran as an independent candidate during the 2019 presidential election campaign. However, he remains a member of the central committee of the FLN, of which he has been a member since the 1970s. head of government Abdelaziz Djerad was also a member of the FLN for a long time before claiming independence.
The President of Tunisia Kaïs Saïed was elected in 2019 by running as an independent. Government leaders Hichem Mechichi and Najla Bouden are also without official political affiliation.
For federal elections, any candidate who does not receive the support of a political party registered with Elections Canada must present himself as “independent” or “without nomination”. The only difference being that, on the ballot, in the first case the word “independent” is attached to the name of the candidate, and in the other, the name of the candidate appears alone.
Independent candidates can also run in provincial elections. In Quebec, the law provides that the term “independent” is reserved and that no political party may use it in its name. To collect donations, an independent candidate in Quebec must receive authorization from the Chief Electoral Officer and call upon an official representative.
The election of independent members to Parliament or to a provincial election is relatively rare. André Arthur was elected from Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier to the House of Commons in the 2006 and 2008 elections. After being excluded from the Liberal caucus, Jody Wilson-Raybould was elected from Vancouver Granville as an independent to the House of Commons in the of the 2019 elections. In Quebec, Frank Hanley was elected as an independent Member without interruption in six general elections from 1948 to 1970.
In the House of Commons, the Senate and the provincial legislatures, an elected independent candidate or a member who resigns or is expelled from his party's caucus is also referred to as an independent. In addition, in the National Assembly of Québec, any MNA who does not belong to any recognized parliamentary group is qualified as an independent (only political parties having at least 12 MNAs or having obtained 20% of the votes during the last general election are recognized as a parliamentary group).
Elected officials bearing the “independent” or “third party” label are rare in the United States. Members of the Democratic and Republican parties benefit from greater visibility and support. George Washington is the only person elected president in the history of the United States after running as an independent.
In France, “unlabeled” personalities are frequently candidates in municipal and departmental elections. These candidates very rarely stand in national elections (eg José Bové in the 2007 presidential election).
In 1920, Alexandre Millerand was elected President of the Republic without a label. A dissident from the Radical Party, he was elected with 89% of the votes by the Horizon Blue Chamber (National Bloc), a coalition of the right and the radicals.
From 2001 to 2008 "without label" is no longer used in the nomenclature of the Ministry of the Interior. The candidates and lists then presenting themselves as "unlabeled" are classified in the various center (DVC) shade, various d