November 30, 2021
Scoop (Anglicism) is a jargon word in journalism, press and media, designating information, a photograph or an exclusive report vis-à-vis the competition and having a great impact. It can range from important information to sensational content.
The equivalent French word is exclusivity or primeur.
Origin of the word
The word “scoop” in the journalistic sense would have appeared first in the United States, referenced in 1874. This meaning would have derived from “eliminating competition” in commercial jargon. The first meaning in English, coming from the Saxon, is "scoop".
The introduction of the term in the French language would come from the press agency "Agence Scoop", created and directed in the 1950s by Roger Féral and his wife Janine, within the Franpar group (France-Soir). This agency bought and sold editorial materials for the group's newspapers. We were talking about a "Scoop" article for an article interesting the Scoop agency. [Ref. desired]
Issues and problems
In the sensational press, the paparazzi seek to create a scoop. [Ref. desired] The multiplication of the search for scoops sometimes results in a blind and irrational outbidding of newspaper editors who, in ignorance of what their competitors are going to do and for fear of being outstripped in the race for information, are victims of the “prisoner's dilemma”.
Notes and references
Gilles Lhote, Image Thieves. The underside of the scoops, Michel Lafon, 1995.
Mouron and Rostain, Scoop.
Mouron and Rostain, Scoop hunter, Glénat, 2014.
Sensationalism Portal of journalism