A Soviet (Russian: советский человек) was a citizen of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), at its time the largest country in the world by land area, established in 1922 and dissolved in 1991. The term Soviet comes directly from the word soviet, which designated a "council" of workers, peasants and soldiers, a basic political body in the USSR.
For some, the confusion between "Russian" (person originating from Russia or residing in the Soviet Federative Socialist Republic of Russia, the most important of the federated republics of the USSR) and "Soviet" was frequent, as "English" is often confused. and “British”, “Dutch” and “Dutch”.
The total number of Soviets was estimated at 288 million in 1990, slightly more than the population of the United States at the same time (253 million in 1990). The Soviets (советские люди) were divided into more than 130 different ethnic groups, more than half of the population being Russian.
Language and Culture
There was a Soviet culture and identity characterized by a strong influence of Russian culture, disseminated in particular by the compulsory learning of the Russian language which thus became the vehicular language of the federation. Official communist propaganda advocated the concept of “unshakeable friendship of peoples” and pan-Soviet solidarity, which created a cohesion of different ethnic groups living within the USSR, reinforced by state atheism. However, a certain degree of inter-ethnic animosity remained, among other things because of the predominance of Russians in the federal state apparatus, the Russification of non-Russian regions and the rather arbitrary drawing of borders between the various subdivisions territories of the Soviet Union.
The Soviet people as a political concept
According to the 2010 Russian census, 27,000 people then identified themselves as members of the Soviet people.
Belonging to a denomination was not very visible during the time of the Soviet Union, given that at the time the State advocated atheism, even had a repressive policy towards religious practice, especially during the Stalin era.
In Russian language
In Russian (transcription followed by the original in Cyrillic):
sovietskiï tchieloviek (советский человек): a Soviet (m/f singular);
sovietsky lyudi (советские люди): of the Soviets (m/f plural);
sovietskiï (советский): soviet (m singular);
sovietskaya (советская): soviet (f singular);
sovietskiïe (советские): Soviets (m or f plural);
tchieloviek (человек): human being, person;
lyudi (люди): human beings, people.
: document used as source for writing this article.
Alexander Zinoviev, Homo sovieticus, The Age of Man (1982)
Alexandre Zinoviev, The confessions of an extra man, Olivier Orban (1990)
Alexander Zinoviev, Communism as reality, The Age of Man (1981)
Soviet Union ethnic groups
Portal of the USSR Portal of demography