A talk show, a debate-show or a talk show is a television or radio entertainment show that brings together people, who speak in the context of chronicles (welcome show) or confront their points of view respectively in the context of a debate.
The talk show, which Orson Welles simplistically defined as “filmed radio,” revolves around a discussion of a wide variety of topics. The guests have generally all had a personal or professional experience related to the subject of the program, they exchange their points of view and their analyses, arbitrated by the presenter. There are several ways for guests to intervene, face-to-face or by live telephone communication, as a “surprise” intervention or by taking the place of a columnist for the duration of a broadcast. Generally, the presenter/host is a recognized and appreciated personality who guarantees his program.
The talk show system includes elements (direct interaction, spontaneous speech, fluidity of exchanges and rapid rotation of speech, themes addressed, tone of the host and of the participants, etc.) that promote entertainment-spectacle.
According to these arrangements, program producers offer people talk-shows, controversial talk-shows (social debates, politainment, etc.), comedian talk-shows, infotainment talk-shows.
Origin of the term
According to lexicologist Jean Tournier, the term appeared in French in 1972. He considers it a “snobbish and useless borrowing” and gives it the equivalent of “televised debate”.
The talk show in the United States
The 1948 Dewey-Stassen debate, broadcast in the United States and listened to by 40 million people, is also a talk show.
The talk show in France
The talk show is the most popular genre of television broadcast today. There are different types of talk shows, depending on the time slot in which the program is broadcast and according to the audience concerned:
testimonial broadcasts, which bring together anonymous people to talk about subjects that have turned their lives upside down (C'est mon chose, Ça se discuss);
the specialist debate, which revolves more around current events (C dans l'air);
the promotional talk show, which lives to the rhythm of the buzz around artists and speakers coming to promote a film, a book, a new album (On n'est pas laid, Touche pas à mon poste !). All these programs are put forward for a specialty (entertainment or information) and are embodied by their presenter (Laurent Ruquier, Cyril Hanouna, Jean-Luc Delarue, etc.).
Les Grosses Têtes or Les Pieds dans le plat are reception programs on French radio, and therefore talk shows.
Hello it's us! was presented by Christophe Dechavanne from September 22, 1992 to July 1, 1994 on TF1.
C à vous, infotainment program presented by Anne-Élisabeth Lemoine broadcast on France 5.
Touche pas à mon poste!, infotainment program presented and produced by Cyril Hanouna and broadcast on C8 in access-prime.
Quotidien, infotainment program presented by Yann Barthès since September 12, 2016 on TMC in access-prime.
Rendez-vous with Kevin Razy is a weekly talk show presented by Kevin Razy since February 20, 2017 on Canal Plus.
Clique is a talk show presented by Mouloud Achour since September 2, 2019 on Canal+ access-prime.
Late night show
Télé 2 Semaines, “The words of TV: what is a talk show? », on TV program., 2