Vice President of the Philippines
The Vice President of the Philippines (Pangalawang Pangulo ng Pilipinas) is elected every six years by direct universal suffrage for a term renewable only once. He succeeds the president in the event of death, dismissal, incapacity or resignation of the latter. The vice president has no executive power unless appointed to Cabinet by the president.
The current holder of the function is Leni Robredo since June 30, 2016.
The post of vice-president was established by the 1935 Constitution in the Commonwealth of the Philippines, then under American domination. It was temporarily suppressed under the Second Republic (actually the puppet regime established by the Japanese occupiers during the war) as well as under the Fourth Republic (actually the authoritarian regime of Ferdinand Marcos). The current Constitution of 1987 restores the position and defines its role and electoral procedures.
Four serving vice presidents have ruled in history: Sergio Osmeña on the death of President Manuel Quezon in 1944, Elpidio Quirino on the death of Manuel Roxas in 1948, Carlos P. García on the death of Ramon Magsaysay in 1957, and Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo after the resignation of Joseph Estrada in 2001.
The vice-president is elected at the same time as the president with the same electoral method, that is to say by direct universal suffrage. Any citizen of the Philippines of voting age (eighteen years and over) can vote if they have resided at least one year in the country, as well as the six months preceding the election in the place where they want to vote , insofar as no judicial condemnation prohibits their right to vote. The Congress of the Philippines is responsible for the proper conduct and secrecy of the vote. Unlike the mandate of the president which is not renewable, the vice-president can be re-elected once, for a maximum of two terms.
Candidates for election must be citizens of the Philippines since birth, have resided in the archipelago for at least ten years at the time of the election, be forty years of age or older, be registered to vote, and be able to read and write.
The vice-president succeeds the president in the event of death, resignation, dismissal or incapacity to govern of the latter; if the Vice-President is himself unable to govern, the President of the Senate then assumes the presidency.
The vice-president can also be appointed to the Cabinet by the president and in this case assume executive power.
In the first eleven months of his tenure (June 30, 2016 – June 9, 2017), Leni Robredo earned a total of ₱1,007,897.80 Philippine pesos (₱), which includes ₱812,256 in salary, ₱12,000 as in compensation and fees, ₱170,376 in bonuses and benefits, and an additional ₱13,265.80.
Like the president, the vice-president can be removed from office following a so-called impeachment procedure in the event of violation of the Constitution, treason, corruption, particularly serious crimes or abuse of the public trust. An impeachment procedure must first be validated by a third of the members of the House of Representatives, and successful if it is voted by two-thirds by the senators.
List of Vice-Presidents
(en)(fil) Official website
Philippines Portal Politics Portal