21st century


January 21, 2022

The 21st century, or also spelled 21st century, officially began on January 1, 2001 and will end on December 31, 2100. It extends between the Julian days 2,451,910.5 and 2,488,434.5.


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The attacks of September 11, 2001 on the twin towers of the World Trade Center (WTC) in Manhattan (New York) and on the Pentagon, headquarters of the Department of Defense, in Washington DC, left 2,976 dead and approximately 6,000 injured. The war in Afghanistan is part of the "war on terrorism" declared by the Bush administration following the attacks of September 11, 2001. The Johannesburg Earth Summit in 2002 brought together more than one hundred heads of state and around 60,000 people, and aimed to take stock of the previous Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The Iraq War began on March 20, 2003 with the invasion of Iraq (known as “Operation Iraqi Freedom”) by the US-led coalition against Saddam Hussein's Baath Party. The invasion led to the rapid defeat of the Iraqi army, the capture and execution by hanging of Saddam Hussein, and the establishment of a new government. On December 26, 2004, an earthquake of magnitude 9.1 was triggered in the Indian Ocean and caused a tsunami, which killed more than 250,000 people all around the Indian Ocean, and particularly in Southeast Asia and in India. The subprime crisis, triggered in 2006 by a crash in subprime mortgages in the United States and then transformed into a global financial crisis from the summer of 2007. On February 24, 2008, Raúl Castro succeeded his brother Fidel as head of Cuba. The 2008 Summer Olympics are an opportunity to put the issue of human rights in Tibet on the international scene, before numerous demonstrations and threats of boycott. In 2009, the world entered a period of recession. The majority of Western countries are undertaking a policy of recovery and rescue of their banks, but the latter end up benefiting from the rebound in world trade. On November 4, 2008, Barack Obama became the first African-American to become President of the United States. In the United States, in Japan and in Europe, the States are paralyzed by a crisis of their debt, which exploded during the operation of bailout of the banks. On January 12, 2010, in Haiti, an earthquake of magnitude 7 struck the island, followed by a second tremor on January 20 causing between 250,000 and 300,000 victims. On March 11, 2011, an earthquake of magnitude 8.9 occurred in Japan, claiming 20,000 lives. The tsunami caused by the earthquake triggers a major nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. In 2010-2011, the revolts in the Arab world caused thousands of deaths and injuries. In the United States, in Russia and in Europe, major demonstrations: the Indignados take to the streets in Europe, the Occupy Wall Street movement launches a wave of protests in the United States, and major citizen mobilizations contest the vote in the Russian legislative elections of 2011. The Syrian civil war has claimed more than 126,000 lives. On May 2, 2011, Osama bin Laden, a terrorist of Saudi origin wanted for his participation in the attacks of September 11, 2001, was shot dead at his residence in Abbottabad (Pakistan) during an operation carried out by American special forces. On July 9, 2011, South Sudan gained independence. On December 17, 2011, North Korean dictator Kim Jong-il died of cardiac arrest. His youngest son Kim Jong-un, chosen for his radicalism and nationalism, succeeds him. In Russia, Vladimir Putin regains power after highly contested presidential elections on March 7, 2012. On November 4, Barack Obama is re-elected President of the United States. In 2012, the robot Cur

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