Paleontology

Article

July 5, 2022

Paleontology - in other words paleontology (from the Greek words paleo, "old", ontos "existing" and logos, "knowledge) - is the science of studying prehistoric life forms. Fossils can be body fossils, footprints, flights, body parts, fossilized excrement. (coprolite), palynomorphs, and chemical remains. Modern paleontology studies how the Earth's long-term geographical changes (paleogeography or paleogeography) and climatic changes (abundance bias) affect the evolution of life, how ecosystems react to these changes, and how all of this shaped biodiversity, the diversity of living beings. Because of this, paleontology overlaps with geology, climatology, botany, biology, zoology, and ecology. Its main branches are paleozoology (paleozoology) and paleobotany (paleobotany). Paleozoologists may specialize in the study of invertebrates or vertebrates. The study of pollen and spores belongs to the scope of palynology. Micropaleontology deals with microscopic remains. Developing disciplines are paleobiology, paleoecology, ichnology (the study of trace fossils), taphonomy (the study of the process of fossilization). Paleontology uses the binomial nomenclature system developed for biology by the 18th-century Swedish scientist Carl von Linné to organize the studied organisms. The primary economic importance of paleontology is to use fossils to reveal the age and nature of the rocks that contain them. This information can be of fundamental importance to the industry, primarily the petroleum industry. The age of a given rock layer can be determined most simply based on the fossils it contains. Although people have known about the existence of fossils since the earliest times, their organized and systematic study only started in the 18th century.

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