Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century
Decades: 1690s - 1700s - 1710s - 1720s - 1730s - 1740s - 1750s - 1760s - 1770s - 1780s years - 1790s
Years: 1737 - 1738 - 1739 - 1740 - 1741 - 1742 - 1743 - 1744 - 1745 - 1746 - 1747
February 12 - VII. Charles is crowned German-Roman emperor.
April 13 - The premiere of Georg Friedrich Händel's main oratorio, The Messiah, in Dublin.
May 17 - In the Austrian War of Succession, the Prussians defeat the Austrians in the Battle of Chotusitz.
May 28 - The world's first indoor pool opens in London.
Topics of the year
1742 in the literature
1742 in science
January 4 - Alexovics Vazul, Pauline monk († 1796)
February 2 - Ábrahám Barcsay, a Hungarian royal bodyguard, one of the figures of classicist poetry, was one of the Hungarian bodyguards († 1806)
April 20 - Samuel Tessedik, Lutheran pastor, teacher, pedagogical and economic writer († 1820)
May 8 - Jean-Baptiste Krumpholz, Czech harpist and composer († 1790)
July 1 - Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, German writer, aphorist, mathematician, professor of experimental physics († 1799)
August 7 - Nathanael Greene, General of the American Continental Army in the American War of Independence († 1786)
November 8 - Kristóf Simai, Piarist monk, writer, dictionary writer, correspondent member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences († 1833)
December 9 - Carl Wilhelm Scheele, a Swedish chemist who has discovered several elements but is not officially considered an explorer due to the late release of his experiments. († 1786)
December 13 - Ferenc Farkas, Jesuit priest, poet († 1807)
December 16 - Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Prussian General General (Generalfeldmarschall), Commander of the Prussian Army in the Battle of Leipzig and the Battle of Waterloo († 1819)
December 26 - Ignác Born, Austrian geologist of Transylvanian origin, enlightened scientist, court counselor († 1791)
January 14 - Edmond Halley, English Astronomer (* 1656)
April 28 - János György Harruckern, Hungarian landowner of German origin (* 1664)
September 19 - Máté Ince Baczoni, Reformed pastor (* 1679)