Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century
Decades: 1730s - 1740s - 1750s - 1760s - 1770s - 1780s - 1790s - 1800s - 1810s - 1820s years - 1830s
Years: 1775 - 1776 - 1777 - 1778 - 1779 - 1780 - 1781 - 1782 - 1783 - 1784 - 1785
Fixed date events
January 1 - The first Hungarian-language newspaper, Magyar Hírmondó, is published in Bratislava.
August 10 - The University Library is entitled to legal deposit.
November 18 - The Battle of Sangarara in Peru. II. Led by Tupac Amaru, the Indian insurgents defeat the Spanish army.
November 29 - He enters the throne II. The German-Roman emperor Joseph, the child of the Hungarian and Czech kings, Maria Theresa and Emperor Francis I, the "king with a hat".
Events with an indefinite date
Mátyás Rát launches the Hungarian Newsletter in Bratislava, the first Hungarian-language newspaper.
Topics of the year
1780 in the literature
1780 in science
January 10 - Martin Hinrich Carl Lichtenstein German physician, explorer, botanist and zoologist († 1857)
February 19 - Lt. Col. Alajos Esterházy, chamberlain and patron († 1868)
March 10 - Éva Takács, writer, wife of Ferenc Karacs, an engraver († 1845)
March 26 - Julius Eduard Hitzig, German forensic scientist, lawyer, writer († 1849)
June 1 - Carl von Clausewitz, Prussian soldier, military historian († 1831)
June 2 - László Gorove, writer, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences († 1839)
June 15 - Theodor Baillet von Latour, Austrian Minister of Defense († 1848)
June 16 - Ludwig von Welden, Imperial and Royal Camp Admiral († 1853)
July 3 - Frigyes Lieder, portrait and miniature painter of German origin, lithographer († 1859)
August 19 - Pierre-Jean de Béranger, French poet († 1857)
September 18 - János Dugnicsán, Catholic priest and poet of the Diocese of Pécs († 1836)
September 28 - Elie Decazes, Prince, Statesman, Fourth Prime Minister of France († 1860)
November 8 - Ferenc Ürményi, Governor of Fiume, Crown Guard, Member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences († 1858)
February 14 - William Blackstone, English lawyer and writer (* 1723)
July 4 - Prince Charles of Lorraine, Imperial-Royal General, Imperial Governor and Chief Captain of the Netherlands (* 1712)
August 3 - Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, French philosopher (* 1715)
November 29 - Maria Theresa, Empress of Austria, Queen of Hungary and the Czech Republic, Mother of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine (* 1717)
December 12 - Jakab Fellner, architect (* 1722)