1792

Article

May 19, 2022

Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century Decades: 1740s - 1750s - 1760s - 1770s - 1780s - 1790s - 1800s - 1810s - 1820s - 1830s years - 1840s Years: 1787 - 1788 - 1789 - 1790 - 1791 - 1792 - 1793 - 1794 - 1795 - 1796 - 1797

Events

March 1 - II. Lipót's death, Francis's accession to the throne. April 20 - France declares war on Austria. April 24 - First practical use of guillotine in France. May 20 - The historic Powązki Cemetery, dedicated to the Szymanowski family, is consecrated in Warsaw. May 29 - The session of the Grand Sejm is dissolved in Warsaw, which in 1791 created Europe's first written (cartal) constitution, the May 3 Constitution. June 20 - Protesters march into the Tuileries in Paris. August 10 - Siege of the Tuileries in France, end of the Monarchy. September 2-6 - Massacre in the prisons of Paris. (The first terror rages.) September 20 - The Battle of Valmy. (The French stop the Prussian-Austrian army.) September 21 - The French proclaim the republic December 17 - The Transylvanian Hungarian Noble Theater Society gives its first performance in the dance hall of the Rhédey Palace in Cluj-Napoca, and the professional acting of Cluj-Napoca begins

Topics of the year

1792 in the literature

1792 in science

William Murdoch produces gas from coal, and Phillipe Lebon uses it to produce light gas. Claude Cappe's first light telegraph between Paris and Lille.

Births

January 12 - Johan August Arfwedson, Swedish chemist, discoverer of lithium († 1841). February 12 - Péter Balogh, Reformed Bishop († 1870) February 24 - István Ferenczy, Hungarian sculptor († 1856) February 29 - Gioacchino Rossini, Italian composer († 1868) March 19 - George George, Royal Counselor, Seven Personnel and Alnador († 1849) April 2 - Károly Balla, lawyer, publicist, poet († 1873) April 10 - Mihály Bali, Reformed Pastor († 1876) April 15 - Samuel Lányi, hydraulic engineer, painter († 1860) May 13 - IX. Pope Pius (Giovanni Mastai-Ferretti), Pope with the longest pontificate to date († 1878) August 4 - Percy Bysshe Shelley, British poet († 1822) October 17 - Sir John Bowring, English linguist, economist, politician, writer and traveler, author of the first English-language Hungarian versantology († 1872) December 1 - Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky, Russian mathematician († 1856)

Deaths

February 23 - Joshua Reynolds, English painter (* 1723) March 1 - II. Lipót, Grand Duke of Tuscany, King of Hungary, German-Roman Emperor (* 1747) March 29 - III. Gustav, King of Sweden (* 1746) April 18 - Miksa Hell, astronomer (* 1720) July 4 - James Adam James, Lutheran Pastor (* 1713) August 5 - Sámuel Augustini, German Lutheran pastor of Spiš, naturalist, one of the pioneers of gypsy research in Hungary (* 1729) August 6 - Gedeon Ráday, poet, translator, politician (* 1713) October 1 - András File, Doctor of Arts, Jesuit priest, teacher, poet (* 1736)

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