18th century

Article

August 13, 2022

Decades: 1700s 1710s 1720s 1730s 1740s 1750s 1760s 1770s 1780s 1790s The 18th century covers the years between 1701 and 1800.

Events

Hungarian

1703–11: The Rákóczi War of Independence 1705: Parliament of Szécsény – the first assembly of the Kuruc orders in Hungary 1707: Parliament of Ónod 1708: Battle of Trencsén - one of the most significant battles of the War of Independence, ending with the catastrophic defeat of the Kurucs 1708: Parliament of Sárospatak - the last parliament of the war of independence 1710: Battle of Romhány - one of the last major battles of the War of Independence 1711: With the conclusion of the Peace of Szatmár, absolutism is consolidated in Hungary and Transylvania. 1711: III. Beginning of Charles' reign (end 1740) 1717: The last Tatar raid in Hungary – the invasion of the Crimean and Dobruja Tatars who broke into Transylvania and Máramaros 1718: As a result of the signing of the Peace of Pozrevac, which ended the Habsburg-Turkish and Venetian-Turkish wars, Turkish rule ended in the territory of the historical Kingdom of Hungary 1723: Pragmatica sanctio - female succession to the throne is accepted 1723: Establishment of the Hungarian Royal Council of Governors 1731: Carolina resolutio - decision to regulate Protestant church relations and religious practice 1735: II. The death of Ferenc Rákóczi in Rodosto 1735: Uprising led by Péro Szegedinác 1740: Beginning of Maria Theresa's reign (end: 1780) 1741: The orders offer their "life and blood" (Vitam et sanguinem) for Maria Theresa 1751: Organization of the Bánság border guard region 1754: Mária Theresia introduces the double customs system in the empire 1764: The Mádéfalv disaster - the suppression of the Székely uprising Large-scale emigration from Székely to Moldavia 1764–65: Parliament of Bratislava 1765: Mária Theresia suspends the operation of the regular parliament. Elevates Transylvania to the rank of Grand Duchy. 1767: Lord's Wage Decree, the purpose of which is to ensure better state taxation ability of serfs 1769: Kempelen's Farkas: the legendary chess machine of the Turk 1777: Ratio Educationis – educational decree that regulates Hungarian public education 1777: The University of Nagyszombati moves to Buda, then to Pest in 1783 1780: The first Hungarian-language newspaper, Magyar Hírmondó, appears in Bratislava. 1780–1790: II. Reign of Emperor Joseph ("King in the Hat") His attempt to introduce a centralized institutional system of enlightened absolutism in the Habsburg Empire. The attempt failed due to the resistance of the conservative Hungarian orders. 1781: Toleration Decree - provides free religious practice and office holding to some denominations 1783: Decree on the right of Jews to move freely 1785: Serf Ordinance - allows free movement of serfs 1784: Transylvanian peasant uprising 1784–1787: The first comprehensive census in Hungary 1788: The Habsburg Empire joins the Russians in the war against the Turks. 1790: The first Hungarian theater company is founded in Buda 1790: II. Joseph revokes all but three of his decrees before his death 1790–1792: II. The reign of Lipot 1792: Beginning of the reign of King Francis (end 1835) 1794: The Jacobin movement led by Ignác Martinovics 1795: Ignác Martinovics and the leaders of the Hungarian Jacobin movement are executed at Vérmező in Buda

Europe

1701: III. Elector Frederick of Brandenburg crowns himself king of Prussia (→ Frederick I). Its large-scale constructions shake the public finances. 1702–1704: Revolt of the camisards (wd) (Huguenot peasants) in France. A significant force must be used to defeat it. 1701–14: The War of the Spanish Succession End of Habsburg rule in Spain (Peace of Utrecht, 1713 and Peace of Rastatt, 1714) 1700-21: