1812

Article

July 5, 2022

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century Decades: 1760s - 1770s - 1780s - 1790s - 1800s - 1810s - 1820s - 1830s - 1840s - 1850s years - 1860s Years: 1807 – 1808 – 1809 – 1810 – 1811 – 1812 – 1813 – 1814 – 1815 – 1816 – 1817

Events

April 8 - King Gustav I of Sweden founded Helsinki. Tsar Alexander I of Russia makes Helsinki the capital of the Grand Duchy of Finland instead of Turku. May 28 – The Russo-Turkish war ends with the Treaty of Bucharest. June 24 - Napoleon Bonaparte's army crosses the border of the Russian Empire. August 17-18 – The French Grande Armée and the tsarist forces collide at Smolensk. (The battle ended in a draw, but the Russians retreated and burned Smolensk in the process.) September 7 – The Battle of Borogyno. September 14 – Napoleon Bonaparte's army enters Moscow.

Themes of the year

1812 in science

1812 in literature

The calendar of Hungarian ladies, the first Hungarian fiction pocket book, is published.

Births

February 7 – English writer Charles Dickens (d. 1870) February 25 – Lajos Kovács politician, publicist († 1890) April 30 – Kaspar Hauser († 1833) August 27 – Bertalan Szemere, Hungarian Prime Minister, writer († 1869) August 30 – Ágoston Haraszthy, Hungarian landowner, officer of the royal bodyguard, founder of Californian viticulture and winemaking († 1869) around September 20 - Rhédey Klaudia is one of the ancestors of today's royal house of Windsor. II. Great-grandfather of Queen Elizabeth of England. († 1841) October 13 – János Hornyik, archivist, historian († 1885) October 15 – Lutheran pastor Pál Balassa († 1858) October 24 – Home Guard colonel Rafael Tóth Ágoston, military engineer, cartographer, corresponding member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences († 1889) November 9 – Paul Abadie, French architect († 1884) December 1 – Kajetán Faragó, Minorite monk, poet († 1879) December 3 – József Lugossy, linguist, orientalist, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences († 1884) December 15 – Miklós Perczel, politician, army colonel in the War of Independence of 1848-49, colonel of the Northern Army in the American Civil War, younger brother of army general Mór Perczel († 1904)

Deaths

February 28 – Hugo Kołłątaj, Polish scientist, priest, politician and statesman (* 1750) September 21 – Emanuel Schikaneder German comedy writer and opera librettist, actor, singer, writer, director, theater director (* 1751) September 23 – József Rájnis, doctor of humanities and theology, teacher, literary translator (* 1741) September 24 – Russian general Pyotr Bagration, one of the generals of the Napoleonic wars (* 1765) September 29 – Soldier József Csehy (* 1778)

Notes