1842

Article

July 5, 2022

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century Decades: 1790s - 1800s - 1810s - 1820s - 1830s - 1840s - 1850s - 1860s - 1870s - 1880s years - 1890s Years: 1837 – 1838 – 1839 – 1840 – 1841 – 1842 – 1843 – 1844 – 1845 – 1846 – 1847

Events

Fixed date events

May 14 - The publication of the first issue of the weekly The Illustrated London News June 21 – At the Transylvanian Parliament, Count József Kemény and his cousin Count Sámuel Kemény offer their book, manuscript and mineral collections for the purposes of a National Museum to be established in Cluj. August 9 - The border between Canada and the United States is marked. August 24 – Laying of the foundation stone of the Chain Bridge. August 29 - Signing of the Peace of Nanking, ending the Opium War, with which China hands over Hong Kong to England and opens five free trade ports to the British fleet. November 27 - In his academic speech, Count István Széchenyi warns of the danger that the forced spread of the Hungarian language among minorities may entail serious dangers.

Events of undetermined date

Anglo-Boer War for the Cape (1842-43). The National Chartist Union, a strike movement for universal suffrage, is founded in England. With the death of Abdul Rahman I, the king (sultan) of Mohéli, his eldest daughter Dzombe Sudi becomes the queen (sultana) of Mohéli, whose mother, Queen Ravao, takes over the regency due to her minor age. (Dzombe Szudi reigned under various titles until his death in 1878)

Themes of the year

1842 in literature

1842 in science

William Robert Grove experiments with gas-charged batteries, the forerunner of the battery. At the Royal Society of London, gutta-percha, the gum obtained from the Malayan plant, is presented. (For seventy years it was the insulating material of all submarine cables.) Recognition of the Doppler effect. Application of narcosis in medicine.

1842 in rail transport

Births

January 11 – William James, American psychologist and philosopher († 1910). January 20 – Miklós Konkoly-Thege, astronomer († 1916) February 13 – Aurél Török (Aurél Ponori Thewrewk) doctor († 1912) February 20 – István Szentgyörgyi, actor, director († 1931) February 24 – Arrigo Boito, Italian librettist, composer, writer and poet († 1918) February 25 – Karl May, German writer (d. 1912) March 11 – Károly Eötvös, journalist, editor († 1916) March 24 – Géza Cserna, lawyer, poet († 1876) March 29 – Géza Entz (biologist, 1842–1919) biologist, zoologist († 1919) April 25 – Kálmán Parádi, zoologist, teacher († 1902) May 10 – Antal Kherndl, engineer, university professor, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences († 1919) May 16 – János Feketeházy, bridge construction engineer († 1927) May 18 – Jenő Károly Ujfalvy, ethnographic researcher of Central Asia and the Western Himalayas, linguist († 1904) June 18 – Kálmán Csitári, pharmacist, journalist († 1881) July 1 – Countess Ilona Batthyány († 1929) August 15 – Ferenc Csepreghy, writer, poet, member of the Petőfi Society († 1880) September 21 - II. Abdul-Hamid, 35th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire († 1918) November 1 – Endre Thék, Hungarian furniture maker, founder of Hungarian large-scale furniture production († 1919) November 12 – Jenő Rákosi, Hungarian writer, journalist, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, first director of the Folk Theater, founder of Budapesti Hírlap († 1929) November 12 – John William Strutt (Lord Rayleigh) English physicist († 1919) December 9 – Pyotr Aleksandrovich Kropotkin, Russian prince, geographer, proponent of the Darwinian theory of evolution († 1921)

Deaths

February 4 –