1857

Article

May 21, 2022

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century Decades: 1800s - 1810s - 1820s - 1830s - 1840s - 1850s - 1860s - 1870s - 1880s - 1890s years - 1900s Years: 1852 - 1853 - 1854 - 1855 - 1856 - 1857 - 1858 - 1859 - 1860 - 1861 - 1862

Events

The first year, "a world crisis in the narrower sense of the word." The crisis began in the United States, "In Central Europe, the crisis first […] occurred in Austria-Hungary." March 8 - 40,000 textile and clothing workers strike in New York for equal pay and reduced working hours (International Women's Day remembers) May 4 - Emperor Franz Joseph and his wife, Elizabeth, arrive in Pest. They present Ferenc Dante's symphony and the piano concerto in E major. October 3-4 - Methodist is visiting Hungary for the first time in the person of American Bishop Matthew Simpson and Professor of Theology William Fairfield Warren.

Topics of the year

1857 in the literature

1857 in science

1857 in railway transport

Births

January 1 - Painter Wojciech Kossak († 1942) January 23 - Andrija Mohorovičić Croatian meteorologist, geophysicist († 1936) February 2 - Simon Hollósy painter († 1918) February 3 - Wilhelm Johannsen Danish Botanist († 1927) February 22 - Lord Robert Baden-Powell, an English military officer and founder of the Scout Movement († 1941) February 27 - Sándor Kalecsinszky chemist, geochemist, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences († 1911) April 6 - Jenő Gyárfás Hungarian writer, painter and graphic artist († 1925) May 13 - Ronald Ross Nobel Prize-winning (1902) British physician († 1932) May 26 - József Szinnyei Jr., linguist, professor, full member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences († 1943) May 31 - XI. Pope Pius, originally named Achille Ratti († 1939) June 2 - British composer Edward Elgar († 1934) June 11 - Antoni Grabowski, a Polish chemical engineer and early Esperantist, who had a significant influence on the development of the Esperanto literary language († 1921) June 16 - Arthur Arz von Straussenburg, Hungarian military officer of Saxon origin in Transylvania, imperial and royal commander-in-chief, successful commander of World War I, Chief of Staff of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy until 1917 (1935) August 25 - Writer Ferenc Ivanóczy, Slovenian political leader, president of Muraszombat († 1913) September 5 - Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky, Russian rocket scientist, teacher, writer († 1935) October 20 - Béla Tóth journalist, philologist, researcher of the Hungarian hotel and anecdotal treasure († 1907) October 26 - Béla Jánosi esthetician, historian of science, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences († 1921) November 26 - Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure († 1913) November 27 - Sir Charles Scott Sherrington Nobel Prize-winning English physiologist and neurologist († 1952) November 28 - XII. King Alfonso of Spain († 1885) December 4 - Finnish actress Ida Aalberg († 1915)

Deaths

February 15 - Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka, Russian composer (* 1804) February 19 - Miklós Lacsny, farmer, parliamentary ambassador, founder of the first two sugar factories in Hungary (* 1776) February 3 - Stanisław Worcell, Polish politician, political thinker, friend of Lajos Kossuth (* 1799) March 11 - József Dlhovszky, Doctor of Theology, Catholic Priest, Poet (* 1787) April 30 - Sándor Cézár Mednyánszky, Roman Catholic pastor, chief pastor of the camp during the War of Independence in 1848–49 (* 1824) May 23 - Augustin Cauchy, French mathematician (* 1789) July 16 - Pierre-Jean de Béranger, French poet (* 1780) September 2 - Martin Hinrich Carl Lichtenstein, German physician, reveals