Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1820s - 1830s - 1840s - 1850s - 1860s - 1870s - 1880s - 1890s - 1900s - 1910s years - 1920s
Years: 1866 - 1867 - 1868 - 1869 - 1870 - 1871 - 1872 - 1873 - 1874 - 1875 - 1876
Fixed date events
January 1 - King Amadé I of Spain arrives in Madrid to occupy his throne.
January 18 - King William I of Germany receives the German imperial title.
January 28 - France surrenders, the Franco-Prussian War ends.
February 1 - The Ács sugar factory is established.
March 18 - The Paris Commune is proclaimed as a result of the Franco-Prussian War.
March 22 - William Holden of North Carolina is the first U.S. governor to be removed from office by indictment.
March 29 - British Queen Victoria opens the Royal Albert Hall.
April 3 - The new King of Spain, Amadé I, takes an oath to the constitution.
May 1 - The first Hungarian-made stamps are issued.
May 28 - The overthrow of the Paris Commune.
July 20 - British Columbia joins Canada.
August 31 - Adolphe Thiers becomes President of the Republic of France.
October 8 - The Great Chicago Fire: 17,450 buildings burn, 250,000 die, and 90,000 become homeless.
November 10 - Henry Morton Stanley finds the missing researcher and missionary, dr. David Livingstone.
Emperor Franz Joseph I appoints Count Gyula Andrássy as the joint foreign minister of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy.
Count Menyhért Lónyay is elected by the ruling Deák party as the Prime Minister of Hungary.
Events of indefinite date
during the year -
The creation of the German Empire.
The Austro-Hungarian Monarchy reorganizes its Danube water force, which was temporarily abolished in 1866. (Instead of the former independence, the Imperial and Royal Danube Flotilla operated within the organization of the Imperial and Royal Navy until November 1918.)
Abolition of the han system in Japan.
Air alcohol lighting will be introduced in Cluj-Napoca.
Themes of the year
1871 in the literature
1871 in science
1871 in railway transport
May 3 - Salgótarján - Losonc railway is completed.
September 11 - The Oradea - Békéscsaba railway line opens.
1871 in the legislation
January 3 - Nándor Láng archaeologist, art historian, classical philologist, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences († 1952)
January 7 - Émile Borel, French mathematician (discoverer of the Borel measure in measure theory) († 1956)
February 4 - Friedrich Ebert, President of the Weimar Republic († 1925)
February 20 - Endre Puky, politician, foreign minister in the Gömbös government († 1941)
March 4 - Károly Borsos, Reformed pedagogue, grammar school and college teacher, director of the Mezőtúr Reformed College, classical philologist, philosopher of religion, mason († 1933)
March 5 - German politician Rosa Luxemburg († 1919)
March 27 - Heinrich Mann narrator, playwright and essayist († 1950)
March? - Anday Blanka Hungarian actress (after † 1907)
April 11 - Gyula Kellner Olympic bronze medalist († 1940)
April 16 - Mikola Sándor physics teacher, textbook writer, philosopher of science, director of the Fasori grammar school († 1945)
May 6 - Christian Morgenstern author († 1914)
May 7 - Gyula Károlyi, Prime Minister of Hungary († 1947)
May 19 - Sculptor Miklós Ligeti († 1944)
May 27 - Georges Rouault painter and graphic artist († 1958)
May 30 - Olympic silver medalist Nándor Dáni († 1949)
June 2 - Fyodor Vasily