August 14, 2022

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century Decades: 1830s - 1840s - 1850s - 1860s - 1870s - 1880s - 1890s - 1900s - 1910s - 1920s years - 1930s Years: 1875 – 1876 – 1877 – 1878 – 1879 – 1880 – 1881 – 1882 – 1883 – 1884 – 1885


Fixed date events

January 1 - Construction of the Panama Canal begins. March 3 – The Hungarian Telegraph Office (MTI) begins its operations. August 29 – Kálmán Szekrényessy swims across Lake Balaton between Siófok and Balatonfüred.

Events of undetermined date

during the year - The Jesuit order is dissolved in France. In France, July 14, the day of the storming of the Bastille (1789), is declared a national holiday, and the Marseillaise is the national anthem. A Boer uprising against the British breaks out in the Transvaal, a republic is proclaimed. A peasant uprising breaks out in Japan with 300,000 participants, the uprising is crushed. The General Workers' Party of Hungary is founded. (The party's official newspaper will be Népszava.) The Academy of Applied Arts opens in Budapest. The first coin-operated public telephones appear in the USA and some European countries. The 100 m³ water tower with a brick masonry and sheet iron tank in Pest's Hermina fields is built, which was the first of its kind in the capital. The first artificial fish stocking takes place in Lake Balaton.

Themes of the year

List of Heads of State in 1880

1880 in literature

Zola's novel Nana is published. Guy de Maupassant's first masterpiece novella, Gömböc, is published. Lewis Wallace's popular novel, Ben Húr, is published in sequels, and has been filmed several times. The three volumes of Lajos Kossuth's My Writings from Emigration will be published in Budapest.

1880 in painting, sculpture

Rodin makes The Thinker.

1880 in music

Mussorgsky composes Khovanshina.

1880 in science

The patent for the transformer is registered in Hungary. The practical implementation will take place after the effective work of Miksa Déry, Titusz Ottó Bláthy and Károly Zipernovsky. They identify the causative agent of leprosy, malaria and typhoid. November 4 - James and John Ritty patent the cash register in Dayton (Ohio, USA).

1880 in rail transport

1880 in sports

Kálmán Szekrényessy, the first great figure in the history of Balaton crossings, swims the distance between Siófok and Balatonfüred in 6 hours and 40 minutes. (This was the first timed swim.)

1880 in legislation

See 1880 in Legislation.


January 3 – Ágost Benárd, doctor, Christian Socialist politician († 1968) January 6 – Tom Mix, American actor (d. 1940) January 12 – Lengyel Menyhért, writer († 1974) January 26 – Douglas MacArthur († 1964) February 9 – Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences († 1959) February 12 – St. George Preca, Maltese priest, founder of the Societas Doctrinae Christianae († 1962) March 15 – Lajos Rápolthy, sculptor and medalist († 1954) April 15 – Max Wertheimer, Czech psychologist, one of the founders of the form-psychological direction of psychology († 1943) April 24 - Gideon Sundbäck, Swedish-American engineer, developer of the zipper († 1954) May 14 – Wilhelm List, army and army group commander during World War II († 1971) June 10 – Margit Kaffka, writer, poet († 1918) June 15 – Márton Roska, archaeologist († 1961) July 21 – Milan Rastislav Štefánik, French astronomer, general, diplomat, one of the founders of Czechoslovakia († 1919) August 23 – Guillaume Apollinaire, French poet (