1881

Article

November 28, 2021

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century Decades: 1830s - 1840s - 1850s - 1860s - 1870s - 1880s - 1890s - 1900s - 1910s - 1920s years - 1930s Years: 1876 - 1877 - 1878 - 1879 - 1880 - 1881 - 1882 - 1883 - 1884 - 1885 - 1886

Events

March 4 - James A. Garfield is inducted as President of the United States. March 12 - Tunisia is occupied by France, further increasing its colonial empire. April 5 - The Republic of South Africa regains its internal independence, but under British sovereignty. May 16 - The Red Cross Society of Hungary, known as the Red Cross Society of the Hungarian Holy Crown, is formed. July 2 - An assassin shoots James A. Garfield, the 20th president of the United States, at Washington train station. Sept. 19 - New United States President Chester A. Arthur after Garfield's death. November 20– The foundation stone of the second St. Rosalia Chapel in Szeged is laid.

Topics of the year

List of Heads of State in 1881

1881 in the literature

1881 in music

1881 in science

May 1 The first public telephone exchange in Budapest starts operating with 25 subscribers.

1881 in railway transport

1881 in the legislation

See 1881 in Legislation.

1881 sporting events

Births

January 5 - Pál Gulyás literary historian, librarian († 1963) January 17 - Hungarian poet and writer Gábor Oláh († 1942) January 29 - János Pásztor, sculptor († 1945) February 3 - Galamb József, mechanical engineer, Ford-T designer († 1955) February 4 - Kliment Jefremovics Vorosilov, Soviet Marshal († 1969) February 24 - Lajos Gönczy, Olympic bronze medalist, high jumper († 1914) March 12 - Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkish military officer, statesman († 1938) March 13 - Doctor Lajos Kiss († 1965) March 15 - Samu Börtsök, painter († 1931) March 23 - Roger Martin du Gard, Nobel Prize-winning French writer († 1958) March 25 - Béla Bartók, composer († 1945) April 27 - Móric Esterházy, Hungarian aristocrat, politician, prime minister († 1960) May 11 - Tódor Kármán, mechanical engineer, an outstanding figure in aerodynamics and space research († 1963) May 17 - Elemér Jakabffy Hungarian politician from Transylvania, vice-president of the National Hungarian Party between 1922 and 1938, publicist, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences († 1963) June 23 - Stefi Geyer, violinist († 1956) July 11 Jan Szembek Polish diplomat, ambassador († 1945) Composer Béla Zerkovitz († 1948) August 6 - Alexander Fleming, Nobel Prize-winning English physician († 1955) October 4 - General Walther von Brauchitsch, German military officer († 1948) October 8 - Italian room painter Vincenzo Peruggia. It is due to the fact that he stole the Mona Lisa, a painting by Leonardo da Vinci from the Louvre in Paris on August 21, 1911 († 1947). October 13 - Kálmán Csathó, writer, director († 1964) October 22 - Nobel Prize-winning American physicist Clinton Davisson († 1958) October 25 - Pablo Picasso, painter († 1973) October 26 - Jenő Farkas, mechanical engineer, vehicle designer († 1963) November 8 - Herbert Austin, English Engineer, Founder of the Austin Motor Company († 1941) November 18 - Márton Rátkai, Kossuth Prize-winning Hungarian actor († 1951) November 19 - László Márkus, Hungarian director, set and costume designer, critic, playwright († 1948) November 22 - József Révay, Baumgarten Prize-winning Hungarian writer, literary historian, translator, classical philologist, university professor († 1970) November 22 - Pasha Enver is an Ottoman military officer, Jr.

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