1885

Article

August 14, 2022

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century Decades: 1830s - 1840s - 1850s - 1860s - 1870s - 1880s - 1890s - 1900s - 1910s - 1920s years - 1930s Years: 1880 – 1881 – 1882 – 1883 – 1884 – 1885 – 1886 – 1887 – 1888 – 1889 – 1890

Events

February 5 - The Congo Free State is officially established, II. Personal colony of King Leopold of Belgium. June 14 - The Parliament accepts Act XXIII of 1885 on water rights. article of law, which was of epoch-making importance in terms of the development of water works in Hungary and the establishment of a unified water law system. November 25 – Queen Maria Cristina rules as regent in Spain until her son comes of age. (He retired from the government in 1902.)

Themes of the year

List of Heads of State in 1885

1885 in literature

The first universal art history summary in Hungarian, written by art historian Gyula Pasteiner (1846–1924), is published under the title History of the Arts from the earliest times to the present day.

1885 in music

1885 in science

The invention of the transformer (Titusz Ottó Bláthy, Miksa Déri, ​​Károly Zipernowsky).

1885 in rail transport

January 8 – The Subotica-Baja railway line is opened. May 17 – The railway between Pusztatenyő and Kunszentmárton is inaugurated. October 4 – The Barcs–Pakrác railway line opens. October 5 – The Túrkeve–Mezőtúr railway line is handed over.

1885 in legislation

See 1885 in Legislation.

1885 in sports

April 11 - Luton Town FC is founded. June 16 - Foundation of UTE.

1885 in the food industry

December 1 - Dr Pepper soft drink is released for the first time in the United States.

Births

January 3 – Anna Lesznai, writer, graphic designer, industrial artist († 1966) January 8 – Mór Kóczán, Olympic bronze medalist javelin thrower, Reformed minister († 1972) January 17 – German general Nikolaus von Falkenhorst, developer of the Weserübung operation († 1968) January 21 – Italian general Umberto Nobile, polar explorer, one of the pioneers of aviation († 1978) January 27 – Jerome David Kern, American composer (d. 1945) January 31 – Mihály Kántor, teacher, ethnographic collector († 1968) February 8 – László Buza, international lawyer, university professor († 1969) February 24 - Chester Nimitz, US admiral (d. 1966) March 1 – Sándor Pethő publicist, historian, editor-in-chief of Magyar Nemzet (1938–1940) († 1940) March 4 – Béla Salamon Hungarian actor, comedian, cabaret director († 1965) March 13 – Ferenc Mező, Hungarian sports historian, teacher, Olympic champion († 1961) March 29 – Dezső Kosztolányi, writer, poet, literary translator, journalist († 1936) April 12 - German general Hermann Hoth was the († 1971) April 13 – György Lukács, philosopher, esthete, university professor († 1971) April 16 – Leó Weiner, composer († 1960) April 19 – Gyula Gózon, actor († 1972) April 27 – József Schandl, farmer, veterinarian, university professor, MTA member († 1973) April 29 - US Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher (d. 1973) May 19 – Hungarian painter Andor Basch († 1944) May 31 – Simon Jolán, actress, entertainer († 1938) July 8 – Ernst Bloch, German philosopher (d. 1977) July 20 – Nizalowski Czeslaw Wladimir, pioneer of Hungarian aviation († 1949) July 24 – Dezső Antalffy-Zsiross, organist, composer, conductor († 1945) July 31 – George Webster, British swimmer, Olympian († 1941) August 1 – György Hevesy, Hungarian chemist, developed