19th century


May 19, 2022

Decades: 1800s 1810s 1820s 1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s The 19th century spans the years 1801–1900, the age of bourgeois democratic revolutions and the emergence of modern nation-states. The social movements most characteristic of the century were liberalism and nationalism, and the most dominant intellectual and artistic trends were romance and realism. This is a large century of literature, the age of the most famous national writers. The 19th was the last century in which age styles still prevailed, and the first in which the style pluralism of the 20th century emerged. The second half of the century was the era of the Second Industrial Revolution. In addition, imperialism developed, a competition of colonial empires in which the great powers divided virtually the entire earth. In Hungary, the first half of the 19th century was marked by a period of reform and the war of independence, while the later decades were marked by compromise and subsequent explosive economic and social development. In the midst of the ideas and struggles of the century, today's Hungarian nation is born. The term 19th century is used in historical science to refer to the period from the French Revolution (1789) to the First World War (1914–1918) and the peace treaties that ended it (1919–1920). see also 2nd Millennium, New Age, Reformation


North America

1803 - The United States buys the state of Louisiana from France. 1808: A law banning the import of slaves is enacted in the United States the previous year. 1812–1814: American-British War. Canada remains an English estate. 1810-21: Mexican War of Independence 1810s: Alabama, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi becomes part of the United States 1820-21: Under the Missouri Compromise, a slaveholder Missouri and a slave-free Maine are admitted to the United States. 1830s: Arkansas and Michigan are part of the United States. 1836: Texas secedes from Mexico and becomes independent. 1845 - Texas joins the United States. 1846-1848: Mexican-American War, territorial expansion of the United States. 1848: Begins of the California Gold Rush. 1861-65: American Civil War between the states of the Northern Union and the Southern Confederation. The war ends with the victory of the North and the abolition of slavery, followed by reconstruction and the explosive economic development of the country. There were about 600,000 victims of the war. It was the first war to use mass-produced mechanized weapons and explosives. 1863: Liberation of slaves in rebel states. 1867 - The United States buys Alaska from the Russian Empire. 1867 - The British colonies of North America are united in the Canadian Confederation, which is given dominance status. This creates a separate kingdom with self-government within the British Empire. 1868 - In Canada, Indians are placed in reserves. 1869 - The first transcontinental rail line connecting New York to San Francisco is handed over in the United States. 1871 - British Columbia joins Canada. 1871 - A forced resettlement of Indians in reserves begins in the United States. 1872: In the Battle of Little Bighorn, Indians defeat their territory over American troops. 1877: Major rail strike (WD) in the United States, the world's first national labor movement. 1878: The first public telephone line is installed in the One